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White-bellied Sea Eagle

From Opus

Alternative names: White-bellied Fish Eagle; White-breasted Fish Eagle; White-breasted Sea Eagle

Photo by cskhawPenang, Malaysia
Photo by cskhaw
Penang, Malaysia
Haliaeetus leucogaster

Contents

[edit] Identification

75-85cm

  • White head, rump and underparts
  • Dark grey upperparts
  • Large, grey hooked bill with a darker tip
  • Brown eye
  • Creamy-white legs with long black talons

Sexes are similar. Males slightly smaller than females
Juveniles: brown, acquiring the complete adult plumage by their fourth year.

JuvenilePhoto by kctsangSingapore, January 2008
Juvenile
Photo by kctsang
Singapore, January 2008

[edit] Distribution

Range: Southern Asia to Australasia.
Breeds coastally in much of India and from Burma and southern China south to Peninsula Malaysia and Singapore, and from the Philippines, Borneo and Sumatra east to New Guinea, the Bismarck Archipelago and Australia.

Found around virtually the entire Australian coast including Tasmania and also occurs inland along larger rivers. Resident.

[edit] Taxonomy

Monotypic[1]

[edit] Habitat

Coasts, islands, estuaries and mangroves. In some areas inland along larger rivers and around large lakes.

Photo by anneketteringhamOver Bogmalo Beach, Goa, India, January 2006
Photo by anneketteringham
Over Bogmalo Beach, Goa, India, January 2006

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

The diet includes fish, turtles and sea snakes, birds and mammals. It also feeds on carrion such as sheep and fish along the waterline.

[edit] Breeding

Two to three eggs are laid in large stick tree nests.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, JF. 2008. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2008. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019.
  2. Wikipedia
  3. BirdsinBackyards

[edit] External Links

24 hour webcam on a White-bellied Sea Eagle nest, located in Olympic Park, Sydney

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