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White-throated Laughingthrush

From Opus

Alternative name: Collared Laughingthrush

Photo by Jugal TiwariSat Tal, Uttrakhand, India, June 2011
Photo by Jugal Tiwari
Sat Tal, Uttrakhand, India, June 2011
Garrulax albogularis

Contents

[edit] Identification

At 28–30.5 cm (11-12 in); a rather large Laughingthrush1, 3:

  • Brown above, rufous dull forehead
  • White throat patch
  • Cinnamon-buff belly and vent
  • White eye in blackish face

[edit] Distribution

Male & female: male (left) transferring food to female as a courtship gesturePhoto by Alok TewariSat Tal Forest, alt. 1675 m, Uttrakhand Himalayas, India, April 2017
Male & female: male (left) transferring food to female as a courtship gesture
Photo by Alok Tewari
Sat Tal Forest, alt. 1675 m, Uttrakhand Himalayas, India, April 2017

Found in Southeast Asia. In the Himalayas from Pakistan (now probably extinct) over Kashmir, India, Nepal and Bhutan to south-central and southern China.
Common in most of its range.

[edit] Taxonomy

This species is sometimes placed in the genus Ianthocincla.

[edit] Subspecies

Clements2 accepts three subspecies:

Rufous-crowned Laughingthrush was formerly included as subspecies. Furthermore some authorities don't accept the remaining subspecies and treat this species as monotypic. The described subspecies laetus from China is usually not treated as valid.1

[edit] Habitat

Broadleaf evergreen forest, deciduous forest, coniferous forest, also secondary growth and scrub. Has been recorded in fields. Breeds mainly above 1200 m.1

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

Feeds on insects, however outside the breeding season the birds take also seeds and berries. Feeds mainly on ground. Usually encountered in groups of 6–15 birds, in winter sometimes more. Often found with other species in bird-waves, including other Laughingthrushes.1

[edit] Breeding

Breeding season is from March to July. The nest is placed in a bush or on a horizontal tree branch, usually 1 to 4 m above ground. It's a shallow saucer made with dry grass, dead bamboo, leaves, twigs and roots. They lay 2–4 eggs.1

[edit] Mpvements

The species is resident, although some altitudinal movement occurs. In Bhuthan for example they move from 1400–3200 m in summer to below 2800 m, sometimes down to 800 m in winter.1

[edit] References

  1. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliott, and D Christie, eds. 2007. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 12: Picathartes to Tits and Chickadees. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8496553422
  2. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2016. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2016, with updates to August 2016. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  3. Rasmussen, PC and JC Anderton. 2005. Birds of South Asia: The Ripley Guide. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8487334672

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