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Due to hunting and other pressures, wild turkeys were in serious decline at the beginning of the 20th Century, but with conservation measures and management, have rebounded to a healthy population. They are still hunted throughout the U.S.
Six subspecies are recognized:
Three additional subspecies, fera, onusta and ellioti are generally considered invalid
Woods, open woods, fields, pastures, and shrubby growth.
Forages in small flocks, moving continuously over fairly large areas in search for food.
Grass and sedges, berries, seeds, insects and mast, depending on seasonal availability.
The nest is a shallow scrape covered with woody vegetation. The eggs are usually laid at a rate of 1 per day, the clutch consisting of 10-14 eggs. Incubation lasts for at least 28 days. Males are polygamous, mating with as many females as they can.
They make a variety of sounds, including the distinctive, loud gobble-gobble-gobble, which carries for considerable distance.
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