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Length 16-18 cm, 25 g. Breeding adult: Similar to the common African Pipit, but with a pale face and lemon-yellow underparts. Upperparts buffy brown, spotted and streaked with dark brown. The eyebrows and outer tail are white, and the yellow breast is lightly streaked black. Non-breeding adult: Pale buffy brown below, with central belly yellowish.
Montane grassland when breeding and lowland grassland and bushveld when not breeding.
Solitary or in pairs when breeding; otherwise in small flocks. Forages on the ground for insects. Flushes reluctantly, preferring to remain behind cover on the ground when disturbed. Males sing in display flights or from a perch.
Breeding: November to January. Nests are well-hidden under grass tufts; they are cups of dry grass lined with rootlets. Three eggs are laid.
Hockey PAR, Dean WRJ & Ryan PG (eds) 2005. Robert's Birds of Southern Africa, 7th edition. Cape Town: John Voelcker Bird Book Fund. ISBN 0620340533