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African Piculet

From Opus

Alternative names: Pygmy Wood Piculet; Pygmy Woodpecker

Sasia africana

Contents

[edit] Identification

9-10cm. The only piculet in Africa.

  • Chestnut to rufous forehead
  • Thin blackish stripe behind eye bordered above by short white line
  • Dark grey rest of head
  • Darker ear-coverts with white crescent at lower rear border
  • Dark green upperparts tinged yellow
  • Darkish grey underparts

Female without chestnut on forehead. Juveniles with rufous feather tips on head, belly and flanks.

[edit] Distribution

Africa:
Western Africa: Guinea, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Nigeria, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Congo, Angola
Eastern Africa: Uganda
Locally common.

[edit] Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species.
It's sometimes placed in its own genus Verreauxia.

[edit] Habitat

Found in humid forest, also in gallery forest.
Occurs from lowlands up to 700m, locally up to 1000m.

[edit] Behaviour

Feeds mainly on wood-boring beetle larvae, takes also other beetles and insects.
Usually seen in pairs or in groups of three. Sometimes joins mixed-species flocks.
Searches for food in lower storey, constantly moving.
Breeding season June to March. The nest is excavated in a narrow branch 1.5m above the ground. Lays 2 eggs.
A resident species, some dispersal possible.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, JF. 2011. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to August 2011. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019. Spreadsheet available at http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/downloadable-clements-checklist
  2. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliot, and J Sargatal, eds. 2002. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 7: Jacamars to Woodpeckers. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8487334375
  3. Avibase

[edit] External Links

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