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Andean Cock-of-the-rock

From Opus

Revision as of 00:26, 10 November 2017 by Deliatodd-18346 (Talk | contribs)
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Adult male Photo by juninhoManu National Park, Peru, 10/05
Adult male
Photo by juninho
Manu National Park, Peru, 10/05
Rupicola peruvianus

Contents

[edit] Identification

30·5–32 cm (12-12½ in). A medium-sized passerine

  • Scarlet or orange plumage
  • Black wings and tail
  • Bushy fan-shaped crest on the forehead lends an unusual shape to the head, and makes identification even easier (although the coloration is usually enough).


The female is browner and darker with a shorter crest.

[edit] Variations

Female, subspecies aequatorialisPhoto by Stanley JonesAguas Verdes, San MartĂ­n, Peru, January 2017
Female, subspecies aequatorialis
Photo by Stanley Jones
Aguas Verdes, San MartĂ­n, Peru, January 2017

Color of the non-black plumage and of eyes differ among subspecies.

[edit] Distribution

South America: found in Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia

[edit] Taxonomy

A member of the cotinga family and one of the two species in the genus Rupicola

[edit] Subspecies

Photo by jeffwormanRefugio Paz de las Aves, near Mindo, Ecuador, January 2017
Photo by jeffworman
Refugio Paz de las Aves, near Mindo, Ecuador, January 2017

Four subspecies are recognized,[1]

  • R.p. sanguinolentus:
  • R.p. aequatorialis:
  • R.p. peruvianus:
  • Andes of central Peru (San MartĂ­n to JunĂ­n)
  • R.p. saturatus;
  • Andes of south-eastern Peru (Cusco and Puno) and western Bolivia

Rupicola peruvianus has in the past been called Rupicola peruviana.

[edit] Habitat

Gorges and ravines in cloud forest on both slopes of the Andes. Roadside, disturbed secondary rain forest 1,219 m

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

The diet consists of a variety of fruits, large insects and small invertebrates.

[edit] Breeding

Males are polygamous and display in communal leks. The females build shallow nests with mud and plant material on the walls of rocks, hence the common name.

[edit] In Culture

This is the national bird of Peru.

[edit] Gallery

Click on photo for larger image

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved March 2017)
  3. BF Member observations
  4. Wikipedia

[edit] External Links

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