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Andean Tyrant

From Opus

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- +[[Image:Andean_Tyrant.jpg|thumb|550px|right|Photo by {{user|Fritz73|Fritz73}}<br />[[Calilegua National Park]], Jujuy, [[Argentina]], 1999]]
-;Knipolegus signatus+;[[:Category:Knipolegus|Knipolegus]] signatus
-[[Image:Andean_Tyrant.jpg|thumb|550px|right|Photo by Fritz73]]+'''Includes Plumbeous Tyrant and Berlioz's Tyrant'''
==Identification== ==Identification==
 +Male of northern form almost uniform dull black with reddish-brown eye. Female similar to southern form but darker.
 +Male of southern form ("Plumbeous Tyrant") is dark slaty-grey (wings and tail darker) with reddish eye and blue-grey bill. Female has brownish upperside greyish underside with some olive streaking, two buff wing bars, rufous rump and edging on tail, and a brownish eye.
==Distribution== ==Distribution==
-[[Argentina]], [[Bolivia]], and [[Peru]]+East side of Andes in [[Argentina]], [[Bolivia]], [[Peru]], and extreme southern [[Ecuador]]
- +
==Taxonomy== ==Taxonomy==
-It has been split into 3 species:+====Subspecies<sup>[[#References|[1]]]</sup>====
- +*''K. s. signatus'':
-* ''K signatus''+:*Eastern slope of Andes of [[Peru]] (Cajamarca to Junín)
- +*''K. s. cabanisi'':
-* ''K cabanisi''+:*Andes of south-eastern [[Peru]] (Cuzco) to western [[Bolivia]] and northern [[Argentina]]
- +
-* ''K subflammulatus''+
 +''Cabanisi'' is sometimes split as '''Plumbeous Tyrant'''; this split is not widely accepted, but recent data may change that<sup>[[#References|[2]]]</sup>. A third form, ''subflammulatus'' (Berlioz's Tyrant) <sup>[[#References|[3]]]</sup> is not accepted by any of the major authorities.
==Habitat== ==Habitat==
-Moist montanes.+Montane forest and woodland where mostly found in lower growth patches.
- +
==Behaviour== ==Behaviour==
 +Rarely joins mixed species flocks
 +==References==
 +#{{Ref-Clements6thDec08}}#[http://www.birdforum.net/showthread.php?p=2390520 Birdforum thread] discussing the taxonomy of this and related species
 +#Avibase
 +# Ridgely and Tudor 2009. Field guide to the songbirds of South America - The Passerines. University of Texas Press. ISBN 978-0-292-71979-8
 +#Wikipedia
 +{{ref}}
==External Links== ==External Links==
{{GSearch|Knipolegus+signatus}} {{GSearch|Knipolegus+signatus}}
-[[Category:Birds]][[category:incomplete]]+[[Category:Birds]] [[Category:Knipolegus]]

Revision as of 16:28, 21 April 2012

Knipolegus signatus

Includes Plumbeous Tyrant and Berlioz's Tyrant

Contents

Identification

Male of northern form almost uniform dull black with reddish-brown eye. Female similar to southern form but darker.

Male of southern form ("Plumbeous Tyrant") is dark slaty-grey (wings and tail darker) with reddish eye and blue-grey bill. Female has brownish upperside greyish underside with some olive streaking, two buff wing bars, rufous rump and edging on tail, and a brownish eye.

Distribution

East side of Andes in Argentina, Bolivia, Peru, and extreme southern Ecuador

Taxonomy

Subspecies[1]

  • K. s. signatus:
  • Eastern slope of Andes of Peru (Cajamarca to Junín)
  • K. s. cabanisi:

Cabanisi is sometimes split as Plumbeous Tyrant; this split is not widely accepted, but recent data may change that[2]. A third form, subflammulatus (Berlioz's Tyrant) [3] is not accepted by any of the major authorities.

Habitat

Montane forest and woodland where mostly found in lower growth patches.

Behaviour

Rarely joins mixed species flocks

References

  1. Clements, JF. 2008. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2008. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019.
  2. Birdforum thread discussing the taxonomy of this and related species
  3. Avibase
  4. Ridgely and Tudor 2009. Field guide to the songbirds of South America - The Passerines. University of Texas Press. ISBN 978-0-292-71979-8
  5. Wikipedia

External Links

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