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Polytypic. Consists of four subspecies.
Mesquite and riparian woodlands. Thorn scrub thicket
Long green grasses are woven into a cup shaped nest, attached at the top to leafy twigs near the trunk. Three to five eggs are laid and are incubated by the female. The young fledge 11 days after hatching. Sometimes there are two broods.
The nests are often parasitized by the Bronzed Cowbird.
The diet consists mostly of fruit and insects.