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Barred Buttonquail

From Opus

Revision as of 20:46, 7 September 2009 by Deliatodd-18346 (Talk | contribs)
Subspecies fasciatus Photo by Romy Ocon Masinloc, Zambales, Philippines, July 2005
Subspecies fasciatus
Photo by Romy Ocon
Masinloc, Zambales, Philippines, July 2005
Turnix suscitator

Contents

Identification

  • Upperparts rufous-brown
  • Underparts rusty and buff
  • Heavy black barring on chin, throat and breast

Female larger, richly coloured, black throat and middle of breast
Both sexes have blue-grey bill and legs, yellowish and white eyes, pale buff shoulder-patches.

Distribution

Asia: China, Tibet, Nepal, Pakistan, India, Eastern and Western Himalayas, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Japan, Taiwan
Southeast Asia: Indochina, Burma, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand, Malaysia, Malay Peninsula, Singapore, Philippines, Borneo, Indonesia, Greater Sundas, Sumatra, Java, Sulawesi, Lesser Sundas, Bali

Taxonomy

Subspecies[1]

  • T. s. taigoor - India
  • T. s. leggei - Sri Lanka
  • T. s. plumbipes - Nepal, Sikkim and Bangladesh to northern Burma
  • T. s. bengalensis - North-eastern India (lower western Bengal)
  • T. s. okinavensis - Southern Kyushu Island and Makenoshima Island south to Ryukyu Islands
  • T. s. rostratus - Taiwan
  • T. s. blakistoni - Burma to southern China, northern Indochina and Hainan Island
  • T. s. pallescens - South-central Burma
  • T. s. thai - Central Thailand
  • T. s. interrumpens - Peninsular Myanmar and Thailand
  • T. s. atrogularis - Peninsula Malaysia
  • T. s. suscitator - Sumatra, Belitung Island and Bangka Island to Java and Bali
  • T. s. baweanus - Bawean Island (off Java)
  • T. s. fasciatus - Northern Philippines (Luzon to Mindoro, Sibuyan and Masbate)
  • T. s. haynaldi - South-western Philippines (Palawan and Calamian Islands)
  • T. s. nigrescens - Philippines (Negros, Cebu and Panay)
  • T. s. rufilatus - Sulawesi
  • T. s. powelli - "Powell's Buttonquail"; Lesser Sundas

Three additional subspecies: kuiperi, machetes and baweanus are generally considered invalid.[2]

Habitat

Grasslands and scrub.

Behaviour

Diet

The diet includes insects and seeds.

Breeding

The female builds a grass-lined ground nest, in scrub jungle or crops.

The male incubates the 3 or 4, greyish white eggs, which are heavily speckled with reddish brown or blackish purple, and cares for the young. The female may have several different mates during the season.

References

  1. Clements, JF. 2008. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2008. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019.
  2. Avibase
  3. Wikipedia

External Links

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