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Black-and-white Monjita

From Opus

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(Pictures re-sized and positioned due to edit issues. Imp sizes. Some extra info. References updated)
 
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''Heteroxolmis dominicana'' ''Heteroxolmis dominicana''
==Identification== ==Identification==
-*20.5 cm.<br />+[[Image:Black_and_White_Monjita.jpg|thumb|300px|right|Female <br />Photo by {{user|Jamfaraco|Jamfaraco}}<br />Lages/SC, [[Brazil]], September 2004]]
 +20–20·5 cm (7¾-8 in)<br />
''' Male''' ''' Male'''
*White body *White body
Line 15: Line 16:
This is a [[Dictionary_M-O#M|monotypic]] species<sup>[[#References|[1]]]</sup>.<br /> This is a [[Dictionary_M-O#M|monotypic]] species<sup>[[#References|[1]]]</sup>.<br />
-This species is placed in the genus ''[[: Category:Xolmis|Xolmis]]'' by some authors<sup>[[#References|[1]]][[#References|[2]]]</sup> and [[: Category:Heteroxolmis|''Heteroxolmis'']] by others<sup>[[#References|[3]]]</sup>. The second part of the scientific name has recently been changed, from ''dominicana'' to ''dominicanus'' but this is not yet accepted by most world lists.+This species is placed in the genus ''[[: Category:Xolmis|Xolmis]]'' by some authors<sup>[[#References|[1]]][[#References|[2]]]</sup> and [[: Category:Heteroxolmis|''Heteroxolmis'']] by others<sup>[[#References|[3]]]</sup>.
 + 
 +The second part of the scientific name has recently been changed, from ''dominicana'' to ''dominicanus'' but this is not yet accepted by most world lists.
==Habitat== ==Habitat==
-[[Image:Black_and_White_Monjita.jpg|thumb|350px|right|Female <br />Photo by {{user|Jamfaraco|Jamfaraco}}<br />Lages/SC, [[Brazil]], September 2004]] 
-[[Image:Blackandwhite MonjitaXP.jpg|thumb|350px|right|Photo by {{user|Xyko+Paludo|Xyko Paludo}}<br />Cambará do Sul, RS, [[Brasil]], November, 2017]] 
Open areas, fields and humid fields, dry lowland grassland, seasonally wet or flooded lowland grassland, arable land, and pastureland. Open areas, fields and humid fields, dry lowland grassland, seasonally wet or flooded lowland grassland, arable land, and pastureland.
==Behaviour== ==Behaviour==
Other species, such as [[Saffron-cowled Blackbird]] likes to be around this species, seemingly because it is good at detecting approaching dangers such as raptors. Other species, such as [[Saffron-cowled Blackbird]] likes to be around this species, seemingly because it is good at detecting approaching dangers such as raptors.
 +====Diet====
 +Their diet consists almost entirely of insects. They feed on the ground, dropping from a low perch onto their prey.
====Vocalisation==== ====Vocalisation====
 +[[Image:Blackandwhite MonjitaXP.jpg|thumb|350px|right|Photo by {{user|Xyko+Paludo|Xyko Paludo}}<br />Cambará do Sul, RS, [[Brasil]], November, 2017]]
Mostly silent. Occasionally delivers soft calls. Mostly silent. Occasionally delivers soft calls.
==References== ==References==
-#{{Ref-Clements6thAug15}}#{{Ref-HM04}}#{{Ref-GillDonsker15V5.3}}#BirdLife International+#{{Ref-Clements6thAug17}}#{{Ref-HM04}}#{{Ref-GillDonsker15V5.3}}#BirdLife International
#Krüger & Petry (2010). Ornitologia Tropical 21(2): 299-303 #Krüger & Petry (2010). Ornitologia Tropical 21(2): 299-303
 +#Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved Dec 2017)
{{ref}} {{ref}}

Current revision

MalePhoto by  JamfaracoLages/SC, Brazil, October 2006
Male
Photo by Jamfaraco
Lages/SC, Brazil, October 2006
Xolmis dominicanus

Heteroxolmis dominicana

Contents

[edit] Identification

Female Photo by JamfaracoLages/SC, Brazil, September 2004
Female
Photo by Jamfaraco
Lages/SC, Brazil, September 2004

20–20·5 cm (7¾-8 in)
Male

  • White body
  • Black wings and tail
  • White wing-tips particularly noticeable in flight

Female: similar

  • Crown, back of neck and back are a brownish-grey

[edit] Distribution

South-eastern Brazil (Paraná) to Paraguay, Uruguay and north-east Argentina

[edit] Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species[1].

This species is placed in the genus Xolmis by some authors[1][2] and Heteroxolmis by others[3].

The second part of the scientific name has recently been changed, from dominicana to dominicanus but this is not yet accepted by most world lists.

[edit] Habitat

Open areas, fields and humid fields, dry lowland grassland, seasonally wet or flooded lowland grassland, arable land, and pastureland.

[edit] Behaviour

Other species, such as Saffron-cowled Blackbird likes to be around this species, seemingly because it is good at detecting approaching dangers such as raptors.

[edit] Diet

Their diet consists almost entirely of insects. They feed on the ground, dropping from a low perch onto their prey.

[edit] Vocalisation

Photo by Xyko PaludoCambará do Sul, RS, Brasil, November, 2017
Photo by Xyko Paludo
Cambará do Sul, RS, Brasil, November, 2017

Mostly silent. Occasionally delivers soft calls.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Dickinson, EC, ed. 2014. The Howard and Moore Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World. 4th ed. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press. ISBN 13: 9780956861122
  3. Gill, F and D Donsker (Eds). 2015. IOC World Bird Names (version 5.3). Available at http://www.worldbirdnames.org/.
  4. BirdLife International
  5. Krüger & Petry (2010). Ornitologia Tropical 21(2): 299-303
  6. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved Dec 2017)

[edit] External Links


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