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Black-capped Kingfisher

From Opus

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Revision as of 19:20, 27 April 2012 (edit)
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(Vocalisation)
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Revision as of 13:33, 28 April 2012 (edit) (undo)
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[[Image:Black-capped_Kingfisher.jpg|thumb|450px|right|Photo by {{user|nothinghill|nothinghill}}<br/>[[Thailand]]]] [[Image:Black-capped_Kingfisher.jpg|thumb|450px|right|Photo by {{user|nothinghill|nothinghill}}<br/>[[Thailand]]]]
 +'''Alternative name: Black-capped Purple Kingfisher'''
;[[:Category:Halcyon|Halcyon]] pileata ;[[:Category:Halcyon|Halcyon]] pileata
==Identification== ==Identification==
-Size-30cm<br />+Size 28cm<br />
-Black head and rufous belly and flanks separated by white throat and collar. Bill bright red, wings and upper coverts deeper blue.+Black head and rufous belly and flanks separated by white throat and collar. Bill bright red, purple-black upperparts.<br />
 +Juveniles are duller, have a buffy collar, dusky scaling on breast and a brownish-orange bill.
====Flight==== ====Flight====
In flight shows conspicuous white patch at base of primaries. In flight shows conspicuous white patch at base of primaries.
Line 14: Line 16:
Uncommon winter visitor, and passage migrant in Singapore. Uncommon winter visitor, and passage migrant in Singapore.
==Taxonomy== ==Taxonomy==
-This is a [[Dictionary_M-S#M|monotypic]] species<sup>[[#References|[1]]]</sup>.+This is a [[Dictionary_M-S#M|monotypic]] species<sup>[[#References|[1]]]</sup>.<br />
 +It forms a superspecies with [[Grey-headed Kingfisher]].
==Habitat== ==Habitat==
[[Image:DSC 31941.JPG|thumb|350px|right|Photo by {{user|HongKongPixels|HongKongPixels}}<br />[[Hong Kong]], February 2012]] [[Image:DSC 31941.JPG|thumb|350px|right|Photo by {{user|HongKongPixels|HongKongPixels}}<br />[[Hong Kong]], February 2012]]
Mostly found in the lowlands, in mangroves, sea coasts, ricefields, forest edges, forested river courses. Mostly found in the lowlands, in mangroves, sea coasts, ricefields, forest edges, forested river courses.
==Behaviour== ==Behaviour==
-Territorial in its wintering quarters; it is aggressive and often displaces the resident [[White-throated Kingfisher]]. Shy.+Territorial in its wintering quarters; it is aggressive and often displaces the resident [[White-throated Kingfisher]]. Shy.
 +====Diet====
 +Feeds on fish, crabs and insects. Takes sometimes frogs and reptiles.
 +====Breeding====
 +Starts breeding in April in India, from April to May in Burma, in June in Korea. The nest is placed in a self-dugged tunnel in an earth mound, a cutting or a streambank. Lays 4-5 eggs.
====Vocalisation==== ====Vocalisation====
Not as vocal as [[White-throated Kingfisher]].<br /> Not as vocal as [[White-throated Kingfisher]].<br />
Has a unique ringing cackle; ''kikikikikiki''. Has a unique ringing cackle; ''kikikikikiki''.
==References== ==References==
-#{{Ref-Clements6thAug11}}#BF Member observations+#{{Ref-Clements6thAug11}}#{{Ref-HBWVol6}}#BF Member observations
{{ref}} {{ref}}
==External Links== ==External Links==
{{GSearch|Halcyon+pileata}} {{GSearch|Halcyon+pileata}}
[[Category:Birds]] [[Category:Halcyon]] [[Category:Birds]] [[Category:Halcyon]]

Revision as of 13:33, 28 April 2012

Alternative name: Black-capped Purple Kingfisher

Halcyon pileata

Contents

Identification

Size 28cm
Black head and rufous belly and flanks separated by white throat and collar. Bill bright red, purple-black upperparts.
Juveniles are duller, have a buffy collar, dusky scaling on breast and a brownish-orange bill.

Flight

In flight shows conspicuous white patch at base of primaries.

Similar Species

White-throated Kingfisher differs in lacking the white collar on the rear neck, brown on head con-color and connected with the flanks, brown on part of the wing coverts, lacking the darker base of the bill, etc. but shares the white throat and the white patch on wings.

Distribution

Breeds in Indian subcontinent, Myanmar, China and Korea.
Winters throughout southeast Asia to Sumatra, Borneo, Sulawesi and the Philippines.

Uncommon winter visitor, and passage migrant in Singapore.

Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species[1].
It forms a superspecies with Grey-headed Kingfisher.

Habitat

Photo by HongKongPixelsHong Kong, February 2012
Photo by HongKongPixels
Hong Kong, February 2012

Mostly found in the lowlands, in mangroves, sea coasts, ricefields, forest edges, forested river courses.

Behaviour

Territorial in its wintering quarters; it is aggressive and often displaces the resident White-throated Kingfisher. Shy.

Diet

Feeds on fish, crabs and insects. Takes sometimes frogs and reptiles.

Breeding

Starts breeding in April in India, from April to May in Burma, in June in Korea. The nest is placed in a self-dugged tunnel in an earth mound, a cutting or a streambank. Lays 4-5 eggs.

Vocalisation

Not as vocal as White-throated Kingfisher.
Has a unique ringing cackle; kikikikikiki.

References

  1. Clements, JF. 2011. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to August 2011. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019. Spreadsheet available at http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/downloadable-clements-checklist
  2. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliot, and J Sargatal, eds. 2001. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 6: Mousebirds to Hornbills. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8487334306
  3. BF Member observations

External Links

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