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Black-cheeked Woodpecker

From Opus

Revision as of 17:18, 27 August 2010 by Deliatodd-18346 (Talk | contribs)
Male   Photo by John KeepHotel Gavilan near La Selva, Costa Rica, March, 2006
Male
Photo by John Keep
Hotel Gavilan near La Selva, Costa Rica, March, 2006
Melanerpes pucherani

Contents

Identification

18.5 cm

  • Black upperparts
  • White barring on back
  • White spotting on wings
  • White rump
  • Black tail with some white barring
  • Underparts pale buff-olive
  • Red central belly
  • Black patch through eyes and on cheeks
  • Yellow forehead
  • Red nape
  • Crown: red in the male and black in the female

Young birds are duller, have less white above and less red on the belly.

Distribution

Central and South America
Central America: South-east Mexico (Veracruz, Chiapas), Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama
South America: Colombia to westernEcuador

FemalePhoto by John Keep Hotel Gavilan near La Selva, Costa Rica, March, 2006
Female
Photo by John Keep
Hotel Gavilan near La Selva, Costa Rica, March, 2006

Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species[1].

Habitat

Upper and middle levels of humid forests, scattered tall trees, old second growth and roadside trees around farms, woodlands and gardens

Behaviour

Breeding

The nest is an unlined hole high up in a dead tree. The clutch of 2-4 glossy white eggs is incubated by both adults.

Diet

The diet consists mostly of insects, but fruit and nectar are also eaten.

Vocalisation

The call is a rattling krrrrrl.
Both sexes can be heard drumming.

References

  1. Clements, JF. 2009. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2009. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019.
  2. Avibase
  3. Wikipedia

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