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Black Cuckooshrike

From Opus

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'''Adult male''': Plumage, bill, eyes and legs are black. The gape is bright orange and the tail is rounded. Some males have a yellow patch on the carpal joint.<br /> '''Adult male''': Plumage, bill, eyes and legs are black. The gape is bright orange and the tail is rounded. Some males have a yellow patch on the carpal joint.<br />
'''Adult female''': Upper parts olive, finely barred black. Tail brown and yellow, wings with yellow and blackish markings. Under parts white, finely scalloped black. '''Adult female''': Upper parts olive, finely barred black. Tail brown and yellow, wings with yellow and blackish markings. Under parts white, finely scalloped black.
 +[[Image:Black_Cuckooshrike_2011_08_17_AlanManson.jpg|thumb|350px|right|Photo by {{user|Alan+Manson|Alan Manson}}<br />Location: Mamba Valley, [[KwaZulu-Natal]], [[South Africa]]]]
==Distribution== ==Distribution==
-[[Image:2008_12_31_Black_Cuckooshrike_9201.jpg|thumb|350px|right|Photo by {{user|Alan+Manson|Alan Manson}}<br />Location: [[Weenen Game Reserve]], [[KwaZulu-Natal]] Midlands, [[South Africa]]]] 
[[Africa]]: Woodland regions south of the Equator, extending northwards in eastern Africa to southern [[Somalia]], southern [[Kenya]], [[Uganda]] and southern [[Sudan]]. [[Africa]]: Woodland regions south of the Equator, extending northwards in eastern Africa to southern [[Somalia]], southern [[Kenya]], [[Uganda]] and southern [[Sudan]].
==Taxonomy== ==Taxonomy==
Line 23: Line 23:
====Vocalisation==== ====Vocalisation====
'''Call:''' A high-pitched trill. '''Call:''' A high-pitched trill.
-[[Image:2009_11_28_Female_Black_Cuckoo-shrike_AlanManson.jpg|thumb|350px|right|Photo by {{user|Alan+Manson|Alan Manson}}<br />Location: [[Weenen Game Reserve]], [[KwaZulu-Natal]] Midlands, [[South Africa]]]]+[[Image:2009_11_28_Female_Black_Cuckoo-shrike_AlanManson.jpg|thumb|350px|right|Female <br />Photo by {{user|Alan+Manson|Alan Manson}}<br />Location: [[Weenen Game Reserve]], [[KwaZulu-Natal]] Midlands, [[South Africa]]]]
==References== ==References==
#{{Ref-Clements6thDec08}}#Hockey PAR, Dean WRJ & Ryan PG (eds) 2005. Robert's Birds of Southern Africa, 7th edition. John Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town, South Africa. ISBN 0620340533 #{{Ref-Clements6thDec08}}#Hockey PAR, Dean WRJ & Ryan PG (eds) 2005. Robert's Birds of Southern Africa, 7th edition. John Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town, South Africa. ISBN 0620340533

Revision as of 16:07, 8 November 2011

Photo by megan perkins
Photo by megan perkins
Campephaga flava

Contents

Identification

Length 19-22 cm
Mass 32 g
Adult male: Plumage, bill, eyes and legs are black. The gape is bright orange and the tail is rounded. Some males have a yellow patch on the carpal joint.
Adult female: Upper parts olive, finely barred black. Tail brown and yellow, wings with yellow and blackish markings. Under parts white, finely scalloped black.

Photo by Alan MansonLocation: Mamba Valley, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Photo by Alan Manson
Location: Mamba Valley, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

Distribution

Africa: Woodland regions south of the Equator, extending northwards in eastern Africa to southern Somalia, southern Kenya, Uganda and southern Sudan.

Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species.[1]

It has in the past been considered conspecific with Petit's Cuckoo-shrike.

Habitat

Woodlands and forest margins.

Behaviour

Either resident or local migrant. Generally solitary or in pairs.

Diet

Usually quiet and inconspicuous as they glean mainly insects from leaves, twigs and bark. Also occasionally eats fruit.

Breeding

Monogamous and territorial. The nest is a shallow cup built using moss, lichen and spider web. One to three eggs are laid September to February (in southern Africa).

Vocalisation

Call: A high-pitched trill.

Female Photo by Alan MansonLocation: Weenen Game Reserve, KwaZulu-Natal Midlands, South Africa
Female
Photo by Alan Manson
Location: Weenen Game Reserve, KwaZulu-Natal Midlands, South Africa

References

  1. Clements, JF. 2008. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2008. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019.
  2. Hockey PAR, Dean WRJ & Ryan PG (eds) 2005. Robert's Birds of Southern Africa, 7th edition. John Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town, South Africa. ISBN 0620340533
  3. Lepage D. 2008. Avibase. Search for "Campephaga flava" downloaded March 2008.
  4. Sinclair I & Ryan PG 2003. Birds of Africa South of the Sahara. Struik Publishers, Cape Town, South Africa. ISBN 0691118154

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