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Black Hornbill

From Opus

(Difference between revisions)
Revision as of 18:45, 13 November 2009 (edit)
Deliatodd-18346 (Talk | contribs)
(Pictures of Male & Female added. Taxonomy amended. Mis info added. References)
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Current revision (14:18, 15 April 2012) (edit) (undo)
Wintibird (Talk | contribs)
(id rewritten, distribution corrected, additional info)
 
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[[Image:45273PN-BlackHornbilla.jpg|thumb|550px|right|Male, a variant with white/greyish supercillium <br />Photo by {{user|TSWong|TSWong}}<br />Tawau, Sabah, September 2006]] [[Image:45273PN-BlackHornbilla.jpg|thumb|550px|right|Male, a variant with white/greyish supercillium <br />Photo by {{user|TSWong|TSWong}}<br />Tawau, Sabah, September 2006]]
 +'''Alternative names: Asian Black Hornbill; Malay Black Hornbill'''
;[[:Category:Anthracoceros|Anthracoceros]] malayanus ;[[:Category:Anthracoceros|Anthracoceros]] malayanus
==Identification== ==Identification==
-76cm<br />+60-65cm. A medium-sized, blackish hornbill.
-Black plumage, horn shaped bill often topped by a large casque. <br />+====Male====
-'''Females''' have blackish bills and reddish facial skin+* Black plumage
 +* Long tail with broad white tips on outer tail feathers
 +* White or pale grey superciliary stripe, variable, can also be dark grey or absent
 +* Pale yellow bill and casque
 +* Blue-black bare skin around eye and small throat patch
 +[[Image:Black Hornbillfem.jpg|thumb|300px|right|Female<br />Photo by {{user|kctsang|kctsang}}<br />Kinabatangan River, Sabah, May 2009]]
 +====Female====
 +* Smaller than male
 +* Black bill and smaller casque
 +* Yellowish-flesh to pinkish circumorbital skin
 +* Yellow-buff throat patch
 +Juveniles with smaller, pale green bill.
==Distribution== ==Distribution==
-Endemic to Southeast [[Asia]]: found in [[Indochina]], [[Vietnam]], [[Thailand]], [[Malaysia]], [[Malay Peninsula]], [[Brunei]], [[Borneo]], [[Indonesia]], [[Greater Sundas]], [[Sumatra]]+From southern [[Thailand]] to [[Malaysia]] and on [[Sumatra]] and [[Borneo]].<br />
 +Locally still common but threatened by habitat loss.
==Taxonomy== ==Taxonomy==
-[[Image:Black Hornbillfem.jpg|thumb|300px|right|Female<br />Photo by {{user|kctsang|kctsang}}<br />Kinabatangan River, Sabah, May 2009]]+This is a [[Dictionary_M-S#M|monotypic]] species.<sup>[[#References|[1]]]</sup><br />
-Monotypic<sup>[[#References|[1]]]</sup>+
- +
Subspecies ''deminutus'' is usually considered invalid<sup>[[#References|[2]]]</sup> Subspecies ''deminutus'' is usually considered invalid<sup>[[#References|[2]]]</sup>
==Habitat== ==Habitat==
-Lowland forest.+Lowland primary evergreen forest. Usually below 200m.
==Behaviour== ==Behaviour==
[[Image:Black_Hornbill.jpg|thumb|350px|right|Juvenile<br />Photo by {{user|MountainMan|MountainMan}} <br />Similajau National Park, Bintulu, East [[Malaysia]], October 2005]] [[Image:Black_Hornbill.jpg|thumb|350px|right|Juvenile<br />Photo by {{user|MountainMan|MountainMan}} <br />Similajau National Park, Bintulu, East [[Malaysia]], October 2005]]
 +Only rarely seen in flocks.
====Diet==== ====Diet====
-The diet includes fruit, grasshoppers, locusts, small reptiles and amphibians.+Feeds mainly on fruit but takes also grasshoppers, locusts, small reptiles and amphibians. Catches also bats.<br />
 +Forages in middle and lower levels of forest.
 +====Breeding====
 +Little known. Nests in a natural cavity or an old woodpecker hole in a tree.
====Vocalisation==== ====Vocalisation====
Not as noisy as the other Hornbills Not as noisy as the other Hornbills
==References== ==References==
-#{{Ref-Clements6thDec08}}#Avibase+#{{Ref-Clements6thAug11}}#Avibase
-#London Zoo+#{{Ref-HBWVol6}}#London Zoo
#BF Member observations #BF Member observations
{{ref}} {{ref}}

Current revision

Male, a variant with white/greyish supercillium Photo by TSWongTawau, Sabah, September 2006
Male, a variant with white/greyish supercillium
Photo by TSWong
Tawau, Sabah, September 2006

Alternative names: Asian Black Hornbill; Malay Black Hornbill

Anthracoceros malayanus

Contents

[edit] Identification

60-65cm. A medium-sized, blackish hornbill.

[edit] Male

  • Black plumage
  • Long tail with broad white tips on outer tail feathers
  • White or pale grey superciliary stripe, variable, can also be dark grey or absent
  • Pale yellow bill and casque
  • Blue-black bare skin around eye and small throat patch
FemalePhoto by kctsangKinabatangan River, Sabah, May 2009
Female
Photo by kctsang
Kinabatangan River, Sabah, May 2009

[edit] Female

  • Smaller than male
  • Black bill and smaller casque
  • Yellowish-flesh to pinkish circumorbital skin
  • Yellow-buff throat patch

Juveniles with smaller, pale green bill.

[edit] Distribution

From southern Thailand to Malaysia and on Sumatra and Borneo.
Locally still common but threatened by habitat loss.

[edit] Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species.[1]
Subspecies deminutus is usually considered invalid[2]

[edit] Habitat

Lowland primary evergreen forest. Usually below 200m.

[edit] Behaviour

JuvenilePhoto by MountainMan Similajau National Park, Bintulu, East Malaysia, October 2005
Juvenile
Photo by MountainMan
Similajau National Park, Bintulu, East Malaysia, October 2005

Only rarely seen in flocks.

[edit] Diet

Feeds mainly on fruit but takes also grasshoppers, locusts, small reptiles and amphibians. Catches also bats.
Forages in middle and lower levels of forest.

[edit] Breeding

Little known. Nests in a natural cavity or an old woodpecker hole in a tree.

[edit] Vocalisation

Not as noisy as the other Hornbills

[edit] References

  1. Clements, JF. 2011. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to August 2011. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019. Spreadsheet available at http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/downloadable-clements-checklist
  2. Avibase
  3. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliot, and J Sargatal, eds. 2001. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 6: Mousebirds to Hornbills. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8487334306
  4. London Zoo
  5. BF Member observations

[edit] External Links

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