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Black Skimmer

From Opus

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-[[Image:Black_Skimmer.jpg|thumb|550px|right|Photo by Nick Richter<br>Photographed in Irvine, California.]]+[[Image:Black_Skimmer.jpg|thumb|550px|right|Photo by {{user|Nick+Richter|Nick Richter}}<br />Photographed in Irvine, [[California]]]]
;[[:Category:Rynchops|Rynchops]] niger ;[[:Category:Rynchops|Rynchops]] niger
- 
==Identification: == ==Identification: ==
-18" (46 cm). Black above, white below, with red legs. Bill red with black tip, laterally compressed, blade-like. Unique among birds in having lower mandible much longer (about one-third) than the upper. Immature mottled above, with shorter bill.+18" (46 cm)
 +*Black above
 +*White below
 +*Red legs
 +*Bill red with black tip like a blade. Lower mandible much longer, than the upper.
 + 
 +'''Immature''' mottled upper appearance, with shorter bill.
==Distribution== ==Distribution==
Line 19: Line 24:
==Behaviour== ==Behaviour==
-'''Nesting''': 3 or 4 brown-blotched buff eggs on bare sand, usually among shell fragments and scattered grass clumps.+They are mainly surface skimmers (hence the name) tip of the lower mandible cuts through the water. They will also wade in shallow water, jabbing at the fish.
-They skim the surface for fish, with the tip of the lower mandible cutting through the water. They also wade in shallow water, jabbing at the fish scattering before them. Compact flocks may be seen flying in unison, wheeling in one direction and then another. They are especially attracted to the sand fill of newly dredged areas; such places sometimes contain colonies of up to 200 pairs. These sites are usually temporary, abandoned as soon as too much grass appears.+Tight flocks can be seen simultaneously wheeling in one direction and then another.
 +====Breeding====
 +3 or 4 brown-blotched buff eggs on bare sand, usually among shell fragments and scattered grass clumps.
 +They are particularly attracted to the newly-dredged sand-fill areas, which may contain colonies of up to 200 pairs. These sites will be abandoned as soon as too much grass appears.
====Vocalisation==== ====Vocalisation====
Short barking notes. Short barking notes.
- +==Reference==
 +eNature
==External Links== ==External Links==
{{GSearch|Rynchops+niger}} {{GSearch|Rynchops+niger}}
[[Category:Birds]] [[Category:Rynchops]] [[Category:Birds]] [[Category:Rynchops]]

Revision as of 18:36, 3 March 2009

Photo by Nick RichterPhotographed in Irvine, California
Photo by Nick Richter
Photographed in Irvine, California
Rynchops niger

Contents

Identification:

18" (46 cm)

  • Black above
  • White below
  • Red legs
  • Bill red with black tip like a blade. Lower mandible much longer, than the upper.

Immature mottled upper appearance, with shorter bill.

Distribution

Breeds along Atlantic and Gulf coasts from Massachusetts and Long Island to Florida and Texas. Winters north to southern California and Virginia. Also in American tropics.

Taxonomy

There are 3 subspecies

  • R n niger
  • R n cinerascens
  • R n intercedens

Habitat

Breeds chiefly on sandbars and beaches; feeds in shallow bays, inlets, and estuaries.

Behaviour

They are mainly surface skimmers (hence the name) tip of the lower mandible cuts through the water. They will also wade in shallow water, jabbing at the fish.

Tight flocks can be seen simultaneously wheeling in one direction and then another.

Breeding

3 or 4 brown-blotched buff eggs on bare sand, usually among shell fragments and scattered grass clumps.

They are particularly attracted to the newly-dredged sand-fill areas, which may contain colonies of up to 200 pairs. These sites will be abandoned as soon as too much grass appears.

Vocalisation

Short barking notes.

Reference

eNature

External Links

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