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Broad-billed Hummingbird

From Opus

(Difference between revisions)
Revision as of 15:23, 17 February 2012 (edit)
GaryClark-54011 (Talk | contribs)
m (Reverted edits by GaryClark-54011 (Talk); changed back to last version by Deliatodd-18346)
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Current revision (22:33, 5 December 2017) (edit) (undo)
Deliatodd-18346 (Talk | contribs)
(Imp sizes. Picture of juvenile (an older individual). Some extra info. References updated)
 
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 +[[Image:Broad-billed_Hummingbird.jpg|thumb|550px|right|Male<br />Photo by {{user|Michael+W|Michael W}} <br />Paton's Feeders, Patagonia, [[Arizona]], [[USA]], June 2005]]
;[[:Category:Cynanthus|Cynanthus]] latirostris ;[[:Category:Cynanthus|Cynanthus]] latirostris
'''Includes Doubleday's Hummingbird''' '''Includes Doubleday's Hummingbird'''
-[[Image:Broad-billed_Hummingbird.jpg|thumb|550px|right|Male<br />Photo by {{user|Michael+W|Michael W}} <br />Paton's Feeders, Patagonia, [[Arizona]], [[USA]], June 2005]]+ 
==Identification== ==Identification==
-9-10cm<br />+[[Image:BB F.jpg|thumb|350px|right|Female<br />Photo by {{user|UncleGus_24|UncleGus_24}}<br />Green Valley, [[Arizona]], February 2010]]
 +9-10cm (3¬Ĺ-4 in)<br />
'''Male''' '''Male'''
*Metallic green upperparts and breast *Metallic green upperparts and breast
Line 10: Line 12:
*Dark, slightly forked tail *Dark, slightly forked tail
*Black-tipped slender red bill<br /> *Black-tipped slender red bill<br />
-[[Image:BB F.jpg|thumb|350px|right|Female<br />Photo by {{user|UncleGus_24|UncleGus_24}}<br />Green Valley, [[Arizona]], February 2010]]+'''Female''': less colourful, white eye stripe
-'''Female''': less colourful, white eye stripe.+====Variations====
 +*''C. l. doubledayi'': dark blue-black undertail-[[Topography#General Anatomy|coverts]], blue forehead and longer more deeply forked tail
 +*''C. l. lawrencei'' has a green throat
==Distribution== ==Distribution==
 +[[Image:Broad-billed HummingbirdIm.jpg|thumb|350px|right|Immature<br />Photo by {{user|Raul+Padilla|Raul Padilla}}<br />Pachuca, Hidalgo, [[Mexico]], May 2010]]
Southwestern [[United States]] to southern [[Mexico]] and Tres Marias Islands. Southwestern [[United States]] to southern [[Mexico]] and Tres Marias Islands.
Accidental vagrant to [[Kansas]]. Accidental vagrant to [[Kansas]].
==Taxonomy== ==Taxonomy==
-====Subspecies<sup>[[#References|[1]]]</sup>====+====Subspecies====
-There are 5 subspecies:+[[Image:Hum-Broad-billed-M-Juv-DSCN3731 copy 2.jpg|thumb|350px|right|Juvenile<br />Photo by {{user|Brian+Hubbs|Brian Hubbs}}<br />SE [[Arizona]], September 2016]]
 +There are 5 subspecies<sup>[[#References|[1]]]</sup>:
*''C. l. magicus'': *''C. l. magicus'':
:*Arid south-western [[US]] to north-western [[Mexico]] (Nayarit) :*Arid south-western [[US]] to north-western [[Mexico]] (Nayarit)
*''C. l. latirostris'': *''C. l. latirostris'':
:*Eastern [[Mexico]] (San Luis Potosí and Tamaulipas to northern Veracruz) :*Eastern [[Mexico]] (San Luis Potosí and Tamaulipas to northern Veracruz)
-[[Image:Broad-billed HummingbirdIm.jpg|thumb|350px|right|Immature<br />Photo by {{user|Raul+Padilla|Raul Padilla}}<br />Pachuca, Hidalgo, [[Mexico]], May 2010]] 
*''C. l. propinquus'': *''C. l. propinquus'':
:*Central [[Mexico]] (Guanajuato to Michoac√°n) :*Central [[Mexico]] (Guanajuato to Michoac√°n)
Line 35: Line 40:
Lower riparian woods, forested mountains (observed to 5500 feet), high desert, oak and Alligator pine, orange groves. Visits backyard feeders. Lower riparian woods, forested mountains (observed to 5500 feet), high desert, oak and Alligator pine, orange groves. Visits backyard feeders.
==Behaviour== ==Behaviour==
 +When perched, the male quivers his tail. often whilst calling.
====Breeding==== ====Breeding====
The female builds the nest in a tree or shrub. The clutch consists of 2 white eggs. The female builds the nest in a tree or shrub. The clutch consists of 2 white eggs.
====Diet==== ====Diet====
The diet includes nectar and insects. The diet includes nectar and insects.
 +====Vocalisation====
 +'''Call''': They have a loud chittering call which is similar to the call of a [[Ruby-crowned Kinglet]], but more emphatic and without the pauses in the phrasing of the kinglet.
==References== ==References==
-# Clements JF. 2007. ''The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World''. 6th ed., with updates to October 2008. Cornell University Press. ISBN 9780801445019 +#{{Ref-Clements6thAug17}}#{{Ref-HM04}}#{{Ref-GillWright08}}#{{Ref-SibleyMonroe96}}#BF Member observations
-# Dickinson EC (ed.) 2003. ''The Howard & Moore Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World''. 3rd ed. Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, NJ, USA. ISBN 9780691117010+
-# Gill F & Wright M. 2008. ''Birds of the World: Recommended English Names''. Princeton University Press, Princeton NJ, USA. 2006. ISBN 9780691128276 Update (2008) downloaded from [http://worldbirdnames.org/names.html http://worldbirdnames.org/names.html].+
-# Sibley CG & Monroe BL. 1996. ''Birds of the World'', on diskette, Windows version 2.0. Charles G. Sibley, Santa Rosa, CA, USA.+
-#BF Member observations+
#Wikipedia #Wikipedia
{{ref}} {{ref}}

Current revision

MalePhoto by Michael W Paton's Feeders, Patagonia, Arizona, USA, June 2005
Male
Photo by Michael W
Paton's Feeders, Patagonia, Arizona, USA, June 2005
Cynanthus latirostris

Includes Doubleday's Hummingbird

Contents

[edit] Identification

FemalePhoto by UncleGus_24Green Valley, Arizona, February 2010
Female
Photo by UncleGus_24
Green Valley, Arizona, February 2010

9-10cm (3¬Ĺ-4 in)
Male

  • Metallic green upperparts and breast
  • White undertail coverts
  • Deep blue throat
  • Dark, slightly forked tail
  • Black-tipped slender red bill

Female: less colourful, white eye stripe

[edit] Variations

  • C. l. doubledayi: dark blue-black undertail-coverts, blue forehead and longer more deeply forked tail
  • C. l. lawrencei has a green throat

[edit] Distribution

ImmaturePhoto by Raul PadillaPachuca, Hidalgo, Mexico, May 2010
Immature
Photo by Raul Padilla
Pachuca, Hidalgo, Mexico, May 2010

Southwestern United States to southern Mexico and Tres Marias Islands.

Accidental vagrant to Kansas.

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

JuvenilePhoto by Brian HubbsSE Arizona, September 2016
Juvenile
Photo by Brian Hubbs
SE Arizona, September 2016

There are 5 subspecies[1]:

  • C. l. magicus:
  • Arid south-western US to north-western Mexico (Nayarit)
  • C. l. latirostris:
  • Eastern Mexico (San Luis Potos√≠ and Tamaulipas to northern Veracruz)
  • C. l. propinquus:
  • Central Mexico (Guanajuato to Michoac√°n)
  • C. l. doubledayi: (Doubleday's):
  • Southern Mexico (Guerrero, Oaxaca and Chiapas)
  • C. l. lawrencei:
  • Tres Mar√≠as Islands (off western Mexico)

Some authorities3,4 split Doubleday's Hummingbird Cynanthus doubledayi from this taxon and others1,2 retain it as a subspecies of Cynanthus latirostris.

[edit] Habitat

Lower riparian woods, forested mountains (observed to 5500 feet), high desert, oak and Alligator pine, orange groves. Visits backyard feeders.

[edit] Behaviour

When perched, the male quivers his tail. often whilst calling.

[edit] Breeding

The female builds the nest in a tree or shrub. The clutch consists of 2 white eggs.

[edit] Diet

The diet includes nectar and insects.

[edit] Vocalisation

Call: They have a loud chittering call which is similar to the call of a Ruby-crowned Kinglet, but more emphatic and without the pauses in the phrasing of the kinglet.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Dickinson, EC, ed. 2014. The Howard and Moore Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World. 4th ed. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press. ISBN 13: 9780956861122
  3. Gill, F and M Wright. 2008. Birds of the World: Recommended English Names. Princeton University Press, Princeton NJ, USA. 2006. ISBN 9780691128276. Update (2008) downloaded from http://worldbirdnames.org/names.html.
  4. Sibley, CG and BL Monroe. 1996. Birds of the World, on diskette, Windows version 2.0. Charles G. Sibley, Santa Rosa, CA, USA.
  5. BF Member observations
  6. Wikipedia

[edit] External Links

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