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Broad-billed Sandpiper

From Opus

Revision as of 16:12, 7 May 2010 by Deliatodd-18346 (Talk | contribs)
Photo by Peter EricssonSamot Sakorn, Thailand, November 2006
Photo by Peter Ericsson
Samot Sakorn, Thailand, November 2006
Limicola falcinellus

Contents

Identification

Length 17 cm
A small wader with short legs. The bill is relatively long, with a broad, flattened tip. It has a diagnostic white double supercilium.

Breeding

  • Dark grey upperparts with creamy streaks
  • White underparts
  • Streaked breast markings continue to flanks
Breeding plumagePhoto by dfdOulu, Finland, June 2008
Breeding plumage
Photo by dfd
Oulu, Finland, June 2008

Non-breeding

  • Pale grey above
  • White scaling on scapulars and wings
  • White below
  • Head patter less marked

Juvenile - similar to breeding adult white belly but lacks the streaked flanks

Similar Species

Can be confused with Dunlin.

Distribution

Breeding: Patchy; Scandinavia to eastern Siberia. During breeding season found in very wet quagmires in Norway, Sweden, Finland and parts of Kola peninsula, Russia (L.f.falcinellus).

Overwinters: South-eastern Asia, Australasia (L. f. sibrica); India, Sri Lanka, Arabian Peninsula and Africa (L. f. falcinellus).

JuvenilePhoto by Steve GKalloni saltpans, Lesvos, August 2003
Juvenile
Photo by Steve G
Kalloni saltpans, Lesvos, August 2003

Taxonomy

Subspecies[1]

There are 2 subspecies:

  • L f falcinellus:
  • L f sibirica:

Habitat

Mainly coastal. Also salt pools, gravel pits, brackish mudflats, lagoons, riversides, lakes and marshes on migration.

During breeding season found in very wet quagmires.

Behaviour

Breeding

The nest is a ground scrape. The clutch usually contains 4 eggs.

Diet

The diet includes insects and other small invertebrates.

Vocalisation


Listen in an external program

References

  1. Clements, JF. 2009. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2009. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019.
  2. Collins Field Guide 5th Edition ISBN 0 00 219900 9
  3. Wikipedia
  4. BF Member observations

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