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L 13-14 cm
Sexes and young similar
Mainly resident, but migratory in East.
There are 3 subspecies:
A fourth subspecies, sericea, is not recognised by all authorities
Breeds in dense, rather tall and often well-delimited vegetation, preferably near but not in water, e.g. in drier tall reeds with scattered bushes, stands of papyrus, willow, bamboo, various thick bushes etc.; sometimes breeds near human habitation, in thickly wooded parkland, beside reservoirs and canals etc.
Generally keeps concealed in vegetation, often hops on ground or low down in shrubbery.
The diet includes insects and larvae.
Nests low down in dense vegetation. The 3-6 eggs are laid in a nest which is built in a bush near water.