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Common Yellowthroat

From Opus

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[[Image:Common_Yellowthroat.jpg|thumb|550px|right|Photo by {{user|Steve+Messick|Steve Messick}}]] [[Image:Common_Yellowthroat.jpg|thumb|550px|right|Photo by {{user|Steve+Messick|Steve Messick}}]]
;[[:Category:Geothlypis|Geothlypis]] trichas ;[[:Category:Geothlypis|Geothlypis]] trichas
- 
==Identification== ==Identification==
11-15 cm 11-15 cm
* Upper parts Olive-brown * Upper parts Olive-brown
-* Throat and upper breast bright yellow+* Throat and upper breast bright yellow<br />
- +'''Male''' has bold black mask, bordered above with white.<br />
-'''Male''' has bold black mask, bordered above with white.+
- +
'''Females''' and young males lack the face mask, but retain yellow throat. '''Females''' and young males lack the face mask, but retain yellow throat.
==Distribution== ==Distribution==
-'''Breeding''' [[Alaska]], [[Ontario]], and [[Newfoundland]] south throughout [[United States]].+'''Breeding''' [[Alaska]], [[Ontario]], and [[Newfoundland]] south throughout [[United States]].<br />
- +'''Winters''' in southern states and in tropics.<br />
-'''Winters''' in southern states and in tropics.+Accidental vagrant to [[Great Britain]] (5 records). <br />
- +
-Accidental vagrant to [[Great Britain]] (5 records). +
The bird is the northernmost member of a group of yellowthroat species that occurs as far south as [[Argentina]]. The bird is the northernmost member of a group of yellowthroat species that occurs as far south as [[Argentina]].
 +[[Image:Commonyellowthroat1.jpg|thumb|350px|right|Female<br />Photo by {{user|Terry+O'Nolley|Terry O'Nolley}}<br />Hughes Hollow, Potomac, [[Maryland]], September 2007 ]]
==Taxonomy== ==Taxonomy==
====Subspecies<sup>[[#References|1]]</sup>==== ====Subspecies<sup>[[#References|1]]</sup>====
Line 34: Line 30:
*''G. t. typhicolai'' - breeds from central eastern [[Mississippi]] east to coastal Carolinas and [[Georgia]] *''G. t. typhicolai'' - breeds from central eastern [[Mississippi]] east to coastal Carolinas and [[Georgia]]
*''G. t. yukonicola'' - breeds in [[Yukon Territory]] and northern [[British Columbia]]<br /> *''G. t. yukonicola'' - breeds in [[Yukon Territory]] and northern [[British Columbia]]<br />
 +
Hybridization occurred once with [[Mourning Warbler]]. Hybridization occurred once with [[Mourning Warbler]].
 +[[Image:Yellowthroat2 sm.jpg|thumb|350px|right|Juvenile<br />Photo by {{user|bhowdy|bhowdy}}<br />Kyker Bottom Refuge, [[Tennessee]], USA, August 2008]]
==Habitat== ==Habitat==
Moist thickets and grassy marshes, almost anywhere where it is damp or with water. Moist thickets and grassy marshes, almost anywhere where it is damp or with water.
==Behaviour== ==Behaviour==
Rather wren-like. Rather wren-like.
-'''Nesting''' 3-5 white eggs, with brown and black spots, in a loose mass of grass, sedge, and bark, lined with rootlets, hair, and fine grass, and concealed on or near the ground in a dense clump of weeds or grass.+====Breeding====
 +Three to five white eggs, with brown and black spots, in a loose mass of grass, sedge, and bark, lined with rootlets, hair, and fine grass, and concealed on or near the ground in a dense clump of weeds or grass.
At the height of the breeding season, the males perform an attractive flight display, mounting into the air while uttering a jumble of high-pitched notes, then bouncing back into the grass while giving the usual song. To foil predators, parents drop down into the thick of the grasses or weeds, secretly approach their well-hidden nest, deliver the food, and depart by another route. At the height of the breeding season, the males perform an attractive flight display, mounting into the air while uttering a jumble of high-pitched notes, then bouncing back into the grass while giving the usual song. To foil predators, parents drop down into the thick of the grasses or weeds, secretly approach their well-hidden nest, deliver the food, and depart by another route.
- 
====Vocalisation==== ====Vocalisation====
Loud, fast ''witchity-witchity-witchity-witchity-wit'' or ''which-is-it, which-is-it, which-is-it''. Call a sharp ''chip''. Loud, fast ''witchity-witchity-witchity-witchity-wit'' or ''which-is-it, which-is-it, which-is-it''. Call a sharp ''chip''.
- 
==References== ==References==
# Dunn, Jon; Garrett, Kimball. 1997. ''A Field Guide to Warblers of North America''. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company. ISBN 9780395783214 # Dunn, Jon; Garrett, Kimball. 1997. ''A Field Guide to Warblers of North America''. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company. ISBN 9780395783214
# Clements, James F. 2007. ''The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World''. 6th ed., with updates to October 2007. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. ISBN 9780801445019 # Clements, James F. 2007. ''The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World''. 6th ed., with updates to October 2007. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. ISBN 9780801445019
-e-Nature+#e-Nature
==External Links== ==External Links==
{{GSearch|Geothlypis+trichas}} {{GSearch|Geothlypis+trichas}}
[[Category:Birds]][[Category:Geothlypis]] [[Category:Birds]][[Category:Geothlypis]]

Revision as of 09:28, 24 June 2009

Photo by Steve Messick
Photo by Steve Messick
Geothlypis trichas

Contents

Identification

11-15 cm

  • Upper parts Olive-brown
  • Throat and upper breast bright yellow

Male has bold black mask, bordered above with white.
Females and young males lack the face mask, but retain yellow throat.

Distribution

Breeding Alaska, Ontario, and Newfoundland south throughout United States.
Winters in southern states and in tropics.
Accidental vagrant to Great Britain (5 records).

The bird is the northernmost member of a group of yellowthroat species that occurs as far south as Argentina.

FemalePhoto by Terry O'NolleyHughes Hollow, Potomac, Maryland, September 2007
Female
Photo by Terry O'Nolley
Hughes Hollow, Potomac, Maryland, September 2007

Taxonomy

Subspecies1

Hybridization occurred once with Mourning Warbler.

JuvenilePhoto by bhowdyKyker Bottom Refuge, Tennessee, USA, August 2008
Juvenile
Photo by bhowdy
Kyker Bottom Refuge, Tennessee, USA, August 2008

Habitat

Moist thickets and grassy marshes, almost anywhere where it is damp or with water.

Behaviour

Rather wren-like.

Breeding

Three to five white eggs, with brown and black spots, in a loose mass of grass, sedge, and bark, lined with rootlets, hair, and fine grass, and concealed on or near the ground in a dense clump of weeds or grass.

At the height of the breeding season, the males perform an attractive flight display, mounting into the air while uttering a jumble of high-pitched notes, then bouncing back into the grass while giving the usual song. To foil predators, parents drop down into the thick of the grasses or weeds, secretly approach their well-hidden nest, deliver the food, and depart by another route.

Vocalisation

Loud, fast witchity-witchity-witchity-witchity-wit or which-is-it, which-is-it, which-is-it. Call a sharp chip.

References

  1. Dunn, Jon; Garrett, Kimball. 1997. A Field Guide to Warblers of North America. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company. ISBN 9780395783214
  2. Clements, James F. 2007. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to October 2007. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. ISBN 9780801445019
  3. e-Nature

External Links

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