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Golden Swallow

From Opus

Revision as of 15:23, 18 March 2012 by Wintibird (Talk | contribs)
ssp sclateriPhoto by caribemotionSierra de Bahoruco, Dominican Republic.
ssp sclateri
Photo by caribemotion
Sierra de Bahoruco, Dominican Republic.
Tachycineta euchrysea

Contents

Identification

12cm.

  • Strongly iridescent bronzy green to coppery bronze above, often appearing golden
  • Dusky bronze-green wings and tail
  • Slightly forked tail
  • White underparts
  • Dusky underwing-coverts with bronze-green margins
  • Sclateri less golden, with longer wings, smaller bill and deeper tail fork

Female similar but duller iwth some grey-brown mottling on breast. Juveniles are duller and browner.

Distribution

Found on Jamaica and Hispaniola (Haiti and Dominican Republic).
Has a small and fragmented range and is very rare and local. Only few recent records from Jamaica.

Taxonomy

Two subspecies:

Sometimes placed in a separate genus Lamprochelidon or Kalochelidon.

Habitat

Humid montane forest and pine forest, also secondary forest. Forages also over open country and cultivation.
Occurs up to 2000m.

Behaviour

Breeding season June to July in Jamaica, also April in Haiti.
Nests often colonial. The nest is placed in a cavity like an old woodpecker hole, a dead pine tree, in a cave, among boulders in old mines or in buildings. Lays 2-4 eggs.
A resident species, may move to lower altitudes after breeding.

References

  1. Clements, JF. 2011. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to August 2011. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019. Spreadsheet available at http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/downloadable-clements-checklist
  2. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliot, and D Christie, eds. 2004. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 9: Cotingas to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8487334696

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