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House Finch

From Opus

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*''C. m. frontalis'': South-western [[Canada]] to western [[US]], [[Baja California]] and north-western [[Mexico]] *''C. m. frontalis'': South-western [[Canada]] to western [[US]], [[Baja California]] and north-western [[Mexico]]
*''C. m. clementis'': Channel Islands (off southern [[California]]) and Los Coronados Islands (off nornthern Baja) *''C. m. clementis'': Channel Islands (off southern [[California]]) and Los Coronados Islands (off nornthern Baja)
-*''C. m. amplus'': [[Guadalupe Island]] (off [[Baja California]])+*''C. m. amplus'': Guadalupe Island (off [[Baja California]])
 +[[Image:House-Finch4.jpg|thumb|350px|right|Young Male<br />Photo by {{user|UncleGus_24|UncleGus_24}}<br />Green Valley, [[Arizona]], [[USA]], February 2010]]
*''C. m. ruberrimus'': Southern [[Baja California]] and north-western [[Mexico]] (Sonora, southern Sinaloa and south-western Chihuahua) *''C. m. ruberrimus'': Southern [[Baja California]] and north-western [[Mexico]] (Sonora, southern Sinaloa and south-western Chihuahua)
*''C. m. rhodopnus'': Arid tropical central Sinaloa *''C. m. rhodopnus'': Arid tropical central Sinaloa
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==Behaviour== ==Behaviour==
====Breeding==== ====Breeding====
-A tightly woven, compact nest is made and set in a bush, thicket, natural cavity, or on a building. 3-5 bluish, lightly streaked or spotted eggs are laid.+A tightly woven, compact nest is made and set in a bush, thicket, natural cavity, or on a building. The clutch consists of 3-5 bluish, lightly streaked or spotted eggs.
====Diet==== ====Diet====
Diet includes insects and grass seeds. Diet includes insects and grass seeds.

Revision as of 09:20, 8 May 2010

MalePhoto by skiel Orange County, New York, USA
Male
Photo by skiel
Orange County, New York, USA
Carpodacus mexicanus

Contents

Identification

L. 5-6" (13-15 cm)
Male
Bright red on crown, breast, and rump
Female
Plain, unstriped head and heavy streaking on light underside

FemalePhoto by AlanR  Honolulu, March 2007
Female
Photo by AlanR
Honolulu, March 2007

Immature males
Less highly coloured, often orangish or yellowish on head and breast

Geographical variation
In north-west Mexico is a region where House Finch males are extensively red and with much less brownish streaking on the underside[2] (probably subspecies ruberrimus).

Distribution

North America, Canada to southern Mexico

Taxonomy

Subspecies[1]

Polytypic. Consists of twelve subspecies:

Young MalePhoto by UncleGus_24Green Valley, Arizona, USA, February 2010
Young Male
Photo by UncleGus_24
Green Valley, Arizona, USA, February 2010
  • C. m. ruberrimus: Southern Baja California and north-western Mexico (Sonora, southern Sinaloa and south-western Chihuahua)
  • C. m. rhodopnus: Arid tropical central Sinaloa
  • C. m. coccineus: Mountains of south-western Mexico (southern Nayarit and western Zacatecas to western Michoacán)
  • C. m. potosinus: Southern Texas (Rio Grande Valley) to Chihuahua and south-western Tamaulipas
  • C. m. centralis: Central Mexican plateau (Guanajuato, Querétaro and adjacent states)
  • C. m. mexicanus: South central Mexican plateau (eastern Michoacán to Hidalgo and Oaxaca)
  • C. m. roseipectus: Southern Mexico (southern Puebla and Valley of Oaxaca)
  • C. m. griscomi: South-western Mexico (Sierra Madre del Sur of Guerrero)
  • C. m. mcgregori: Formerly San Benito and Cedros island (off Baja California). Extinct

Habitat

Deserts, orchards, coastal valleys and forests.

Behaviour

Breeding

A tightly woven, compact nest is made and set in a bush, thicket, natural cavity, or on a building. The clutch consists of 3-5 bluish, lightly streaked or spotted eggs.

Diet

Diet includes insects and grass seeds.

References

  1. Clements, JF. 2008. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2008. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019.
  2. Birdforum thread discussing redder House Finch in Mexico

External Links

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