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Lesser Sand Plover

From Opus

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Revision as of 23:58, 16 May 2017 (edit)
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(References updated)
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Current revision (00:59, 6 December 2017) (edit) (undo)
Deliatodd-18346 (Talk | contribs)
(References updated. Picture placement)
 
Line 3: Line 3:
;[[:Category:Charadrius|Charadrius]] mongolus ;[[:Category:Charadrius|Charadrius]] mongolus
==Identification== ==Identification==
 +[[Image:Gravelot mongol 070507-3240.jpg|thumb|350px|right|Breeding plumage<br />Photo by {{user|Francksan|Francksan}}<br />Hokkaido, [[Japan]], May 2007 ]]
18–21 cm (7-8¼ in) 18–21 cm (7-8¼ in)
*Grey back *Grey back
Line 12: Line 13:
The female is similar but duller<br /> The female is similar but duller<br />
'''Winter and juvenile''' birds lack the chestnut '''Winter and juvenile''' birds lack the chestnut
-[[Image:Gravelot mongol 070507-3240.jpg|thumb|350px|right|Breeding plumage<br />Photo by {{user|Francksan|Francksan}}<br />Hokkaido, [[Japan]], May 2007 ]]+ 
The two groups mentioned under taxonomy differ in several characters, such that a member of the ''mongolus'' group on average are larger than an ''atrifrons'' sand plover, and ''mongolus'' have mottled flanks where ''atrifrons'' have clean white flanks. The two groups mentioned under taxonomy differ in several characters, such that a member of the ''mongolus'' group on average are larger than an ''atrifrons'' sand plover, and ''mongolus'' have mottled flanks where ''atrifrons'' have clean white flanks.
====Similar Species==== ====Similar Species====
 +[[Image:13386IMG 8311.jpg|thumb|350px|right|Photo by {{user|Gashead|Gashead}}<br />Dubai, United Arab Emirates,]]
[[Greater Sand Plover]] [[Greater Sand Plover]]
==Distribution== ==Distribution==
Line 21: Line 23:
==Taxonomy== ==Taxonomy==
====Subspecies==== ====Subspecies====
 +[[Image:lesser_sand_plover.JPG|thumb|350px|right|Ssp. ''C. m. atrifrons'' : Breeding plumage<br />Photo by {{user|aloktewari|Alok Tewari}}<br />Nazafgarh Marshes, Delhi-Gurgaon Border, [[India]], May-2017]]
 +[[Image:lesser_sand_plover_alok.JPG|thumb|350px|right|Ssp. ''C. m. pamirensis'' : Non-breeding plumage<br />Photo by {{user|aloktewari|Alok Tewari}}<br />Jamnagar, Coastal Gujarat, [[India]], Jan-2016]]
There are five races, which fall in two groups<sup>[[#References|[1]]]</sup>: There are five races, which fall in two groups<sup>[[#References|[1]]]</sup>:
* ''mongulus'' are the large east Asian forms, ''C. m. mongolus'' and ''C. m. stegmanni'' which are sometimes given specific status as Mongolian Plover, ''Charadrius mongolus''. * ''mongulus'' are the large east Asian forms, ''C. m. mongolus'' and ''C. m. stegmanni'' which are sometimes given specific status as Mongolian Plover, ''Charadrius mongolus''.
* ''atrifrons'' consists of ''atrifrons'', ''pamirensis'' and ''schaeferi'' which, if the taxonomic split is accepted, becomes a narrower Lesser Sandplover ''Charadrius atrifrons''. * ''atrifrons'' consists of ''atrifrons'', ''pamirensis'' and ''schaeferi'' which, if the taxonomic split is accepted, becomes a narrower Lesser Sandplover ''Charadrius atrifrons''.
-[[Image:13386IMG 8311.jpg|thumb|350px|right|Photo by {{user|Gashead|Gashead}}<br />Dubai, United Arab Emirates,]] 
*''C. m. pamirensis'': *''C. m. pamirensis'':
:*Pamirs to western [[China]] (western Xinjiang); winters to [[Africa]] and western [[India]] :*Pamirs to western [[China]] (western Xinjiang); winters to [[Africa]] and western [[India]]
Line 36: Line 39:
:*Kamchatka to Chukotsk Peninsula; winters to [[Australia]] :*Kamchatka to Chukotsk Peninsula; winters to [[Australia]]
==Habitat== ==Habitat==
-[[Image:lesser_sand_plover.JPG|thumb|350px|right|Ssp. ''C. m. atrifrons'' : Breeding plumage<br />Photo by {{user|aloktewari|Alok Tewari}}<br />Nazafgarh Marshes, Delhi-Gurgaon Border, [[India]], May-2017]] 
Coastal shores, mudflats and fields Coastal shores, mudflats and fields
==Behaviour== ==Behaviour==
Line 46: Line 48:
'''Flight call''': A hard trill. '''Flight call''': A hard trill.
==References== ==References==
-[[Image:lesser_sand_plover_alok.JPG|thumb|350px|right|Ssp. ''C. m. pamirensis'' : Non-breeding plumage<br />Photo by {{user|aloktewari|Alok Tewari}}<br />Jamnagar, Coastal Gujarat, [[India]], Jan-2016]]+#{{Ref-Clements6thAug17}}#Collins Bird Guide ISBN 0 00 219728 6
-#{{Ref-Clements6thAug16}}#Collins Bird Guide ISBN 0 00 219728 6+
#Wikipedia #Wikipedia
#[http://www.birdforum.net/showthread.php?t=151101 Thread] in Birdforum Id forum discussing Lesser vs Greater Sand Plover identification #[http://www.birdforum.net/showthread.php?t=151101 Thread] in Birdforum Id forum discussing Lesser vs Greater Sand Plover identification

Current revision

Alternative name: Mongolian Plover

Photo by Akiko Hidaka  Tokyo, Japan, August
Photo by Akiko Hidaka
Tokyo, Japan, August
Charadrius mongolus

Contents

[edit] Identification

Breeding plumagePhoto by FrancksanHokkaido, Japan, May 2007
Breeding plumage
Photo by Francksan
Hokkaido, Japan, May 2007

18–21 cm (7-8¼ in)

  • Grey back
  • White underparts
  • Legs are dark and the bill black

Breeding

  • Chestnut breast, forehead and nape
  • Black eye mask

The female is similar but duller
Winter and juvenile birds lack the chestnut

The two groups mentioned under taxonomy differ in several characters, such that a member of the mongolus group on average are larger than an atrifrons sand plover, and mongolus have mottled flanks where atrifrons have clean white flanks.

[edit] Similar Species

Photo by GasheadDubai, United Arab Emirates,
Photo by Gashead
Dubai, United Arab Emirates,

Greater Sand Plover

[edit] Distribution

Breeds in northern Asia. Winters in south Asia, Africa and Australia.
Vagrants have been recorded in Europe and America.

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

Ssp. C. m. atrifrons : Breeding plumagePhoto by Alok TewariNazafgarh Marshes, Delhi-Gurgaon Border, India, May-2017
Ssp. C. m. atrifrons : Breeding plumage
Photo by Alok Tewari
Nazafgarh Marshes, Delhi-Gurgaon Border, India, May-2017
Ssp. C. m. pamirensis : Non-breeding plumagePhoto by Alok TewariJamnagar, Coastal Gujarat, India, Jan-2016
Ssp. C. m. pamirensis : Non-breeding plumage
Photo by Alok Tewari
Jamnagar, Coastal Gujarat, India, Jan-2016

There are five races, which fall in two groups[1]:

  • mongulus are the large east Asian forms, C. m. mongolus and C. m. stegmanni which are sometimes given specific status as Mongolian Plover, Charadrius mongolus.
  • atrifrons consists of atrifrons, pamirensis and schaeferi which, if the taxonomic split is accepted, becomes a narrower Lesser Sandplover Charadrius atrifrons.
  • C. m. pamirensis:
  • Pamirs to western China (western Xinjiang); winters to Africa and western India
  • C. m. atrifrons:
  • C. m. schaeferi:
  • C. m. mongolus:
  • C. m. stegmanni:
  • Kamchatka to Chukotsk Peninsula; winters to Australia

[edit] Habitat

Coastal shores, mudflats and fields

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Breeding

It nests in a bare ground scrape, laying 3 eggs.

[edit] Diet

Diet includes insects, crustaceans and annelid worms.

[edit] Vocalisation

Flight call: A hard trill.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Collins Bird Guide ISBN 0 00 219728 6
  3. Wikipedia
  4. Thread in Birdforum Id forum discussing Lesser vs Greater Sand Plover identification

[edit] External Links


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