Join for FREE
It only takes a minute!

Welcome to BirdForum.
BirdForum is the net's largest birding community, dedicated to wild birds and birding, and is absolutely FREE! You are most welcome to register for an account, which allows you to take part in lively discussions in the forum, post your pictures in the gallery and more.

Personal tools
Main Categories

Little Bittern

From Opus

(Difference between revisions)
Revision as of 21:06, 17 March 2009 (edit)
Deliatodd-18346 (Talk | contribs)
(User template amended)
← Previous diff
Revision as of 13:07, 10 May 2009 (edit) (undo)
Deliatodd-18346 (Talk | contribs)
(Female & Flight photos added. Distribution & Taxonomy expanded. References)
Next diff →
Line 3: Line 3:
==Identification== ==Identification==
-27-36 cm in length, 40-58 cm wingspan and 60-150 g weight. Buff underparts, black back and crown, wings are black with a large white patch on each wing. The female has a browner back and a buff-brown wing patch.+27-36 cm in length, 40-58 cm wingspan and 60-150 g weight.<br />
 +Buff underparts, black back and crown, wings are black with a large white patch on each wing.<br />
 +The '''female''' has a browner back and a buff-brown wing patch.
==Distribution== ==Distribution==
-[[Africa]], central and southern [[Europe]], western and southern [[Asia]], and [[Australasia]]. +[[Image:15559little-bittern-fem.jpg|thumb|350px|right|Female<br />Photo by {{user|john-henry|v}}<br />Lesvos, [[Greece]], May 2004]]
 +[[Africa]], central and southern [[Europe]], western and southern [[Asia]], and [[Australasia]].<br />
 +'''Europe''': [[Iceland]], [[Norway]], [[Sweden]], [[Finland]], [[Faroe Islands]], The [[Netherlands]], [[Belgium]], [[Luxembourg]], [[France]], [[Portugal]], [[Madeira]], [[Spain]], [[Ibiza]], [[Mallorca]], [[Canary Islands]], [[Monaco]], [[Switzerland]], [[Liechtenstein]], [[Germany]], [[Austria]], [[Italy]], [[Estonia]], [[Latvia]], [[Lithuania]], [[Belarus]], [[Poland]], [[Czechoslovakia]], [[Slovakia]], [[Hungary]], [[Slovenia]], [[Croatia]], [[Yugoslavia]], [[Montenegro]], [[Serbia]], [[Albania]], [[Macedonia]], [[Greece]], [[Crete]], [[Corfu]], [[Malta]], [[Bulgaria]], [[Romania]], [[Ukraine]]<br />
 +'''Northern Africa''': [[Morocco]], [[Algeria]], [[Tunisia]], [[Libya]], [[Egypt]]<br />
 +'''Western Africa''': [[Mauritania]], [[Senegal]], [[The Gambia]], [[Guinea-Bissau]], [[Guinea]], [[Mali]], [[Sierra Leone]], [[Liberia]], [[Ivory Coast]], [[Ghana]], [[Togo]], [[Nigeria]], [[Niger]], [[Chad]], [[Cameroon]], [[Central African Republic]], [[Equatorial Guinea]], [[Gabon]], [[Congo]], [[Democratic Republic of Congo]], [[Angola]]<br />
 +'''Eastern Africa''': [[Sudan]], [[Eritrea]], [[Ethiopia]], [[Djibouti]], [[Somalia]], [[Kenya]], [[Uganda]], [[Rwanda]], [[Burundi]], [[Tanzania]], [[Zanzibar]], [[Zambia]], [[Mozambique]], [[Malawi]]<br />
 +'''Southern Africa''': [[Namibia]], [[Botswana]], [[Zimbabwe]], [[South Africa]], [[KwaZulu-Natal]], [[Lesotho]], [[Swaziland]]<br />
 +'''African Islands''': [[Cape Verde]], Gulf of Guinea Islands, [[Sao Tome]], [[Principe]], [[Madagascar]]<br />
 +'''Middle East''': [[Turkey]], [[Cyprus]], [[Syria]], [[Lebanon]], [[Israel]], [[Jordan]], [[Saudi Arabia]], [[Yemen]], [[Oman]], [[United Arab Emirates]], [[Qatar]], [[Bahrain]], [[Kuwait]], [[Iraq]], [[Iran]], [[Armenia]], [[Azerbaijan]], [[Georgia]]<br />
 +'''Asia''': [[Russia]], [[Siberia]], [[Kazakhstan]], [[Uzbekistan]], [[Turkmenistan]], [[Afghanistan]], [[Mongolia]], [[China]], [[Nepal]], [[Pakistan]], [[India]], Eastern and Western [[Himalayas]]<br />
 +'''Australasia''': [[Papua New Guinea]], [[New Guinea]], [[Australia]], [[New South Wales]], [[Queensland]], [[South Australia]], [[Victoria]], [[Western Australia]], [[New Zealand]], [[New Caledonia]]
==Taxonomy== ==Taxonomy==
 +[[Image:Bird23.jpg|thumb|350px|right|Photo by {{user|Bonnán|Bonnán}}<br />Ayia Reservoir, [[Crete]], October 2008]]
There are four subspecies There are four subspecies
 +====Subspecies<sup>[[#References|[1]]]</sup>====
 +*''I. m. minutus'':
 +:*Central and southern [[Europe]] to [[Siberia]]; North [[Africa]]
 +*''I. m. payesii'':
 +:*[[Africa]] south of the Sahara
 +*''I. m. podiceps'':
 +:*[[Madagascar]]
 +*''I. m. dubius'':
 +:*South-western and eastern [[Australia]] and [[New Guinea]]
==Habitat== ==Habitat==
Reedbeds Reedbeds
Line 18: Line 40:
<flashmp3>Ixobrychus minutus (song).mp3</flashmp3><br /> <flashmp3>Ixobrychus minutus (song).mp3</flashmp3><br />
''[[Media:Ixobrychus minutus (song).mp3|Listen in an external program]]'' ''[[Media:Ixobrychus minutus (song).mp3|Listen in an external program]]''
 +==References==
 +#{{Ref-Clements6thDec08}}#Avibase
 +{{ref}}.
==External Links== ==External Links==
{{GSearch|Ixobrychus+minutus}} {{GSearch|Ixobrychus+minutus}}

Revision as of 13:07, 10 May 2009

Ixobrychus minutus

Contents

Identification

27-36 cm in length, 40-58 cm wingspan and 60-150 g weight.
Buff underparts, black back and crown, wings are black with a large white patch on each wing.
The female has a browner back and a buff-brown wing patch.

Distribution

FemalePhoto by vLesvos, Greece, May 2004
Female
Photo by v
Lesvos, Greece, May 2004

Africa, central and southern Europe, western and southern Asia, and Australasia.
Europe: Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Faroe Islands, The Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, France, Portugal, Madeira, Spain, Ibiza, Mallorca, Canary Islands, Monaco, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Germany, Austria, Italy, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Belarus, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Slovakia, Hungary, Slovenia, Croatia, Yugoslavia, Montenegro, Serbia, Albania, Macedonia, Greece, Crete, Corfu, Malta, Bulgaria, Romania, Ukraine
Northern Africa: Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt
Western Africa: Mauritania, Senegal, The Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Mali, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Nigeria, Niger, Chad, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Angola
Eastern Africa: Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Somalia, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, Zanzibar, Zambia, Mozambique, Malawi
Southern Africa: Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Swaziland
African Islands: Cape Verde, Gulf of Guinea Islands, Sao Tome, Principe, Madagascar
Middle East: Turkey, Cyprus, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait, Iraq, Iran, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia
Asia: Russia, Siberia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Mongolia, China, Nepal, Pakistan, India, Eastern and Western Himalayas
Australasia: Papua New Guinea, New Guinea, Australia, New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria, Western Australia, New Zealand, New Caledonia

Taxonomy

Photo by BonnánAyia Reservoir, Crete, October 2008
Photo by Bonnán
Ayia Reservoir, Crete, October 2008

There are four subspecies

Subspecies[1]

  • I. m. minutus:
  • I. m. payesii:
  • I. m. podiceps:
  • I. m. dubius:

Habitat

Reedbeds

Behaviour

Breeding

It nests on platforms of reeds in shrubs, and 4-8 eggs are laid.

Diet

Diet includes insects, fish and amphibians.

Vocalisation


Listen in an external program

References

  1. Clements, JF. 2008. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2008. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019.
  2. Avibase

External Links


Advertisement


Fatbirder's Top 1000 Birding Websites

Search the net with ask.com
Help support BirdForum
Ask.com and get

Page generated in 0.38305092 seconds with 6 queries
All times are GMT. The time now is 15:45.