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Meadow Pipit

From Opus

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(Flight photo replaced. Taxonomy expanded. References)
 
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For differences between [[Eurasian Skylark]] and Meadow Pipit see [http://www.birdforum.net/showthread.php?t=111510 this thread] in Tips for New Birders Forum For differences between [[Eurasian Skylark]] and Meadow Pipit see [http://www.birdforum.net/showthread.php?t=111510 this thread] in Tips for New Birders Forum
==Distribution== ==Distribution==
-[[Image:Mipit Hook head march 2008 065.JPG|thumb|350px|right|Photo by {{user|tacumshin|tacumshin}}<br />Hook Head, Co Wexford, [[Ireland]] March 2009]]+[[Image:IMG 8648bo.jpg|thumb|350px|right|Photo by {{user|IanF|IanF}}<br />[[Saltholme Wetlands]], Billingham, [[UK]], September 2010]]
[[Iceland]], the [[Faroes]] and [[British Isles]], and [[Europe]]. [[Iceland]], the [[Faroes]] and [[British Isles]], and [[Europe]].
-Very common in [[Iceland]], the [[Faroes]] and [[British Isles]], from north and central [[France]] east to the northern shores of the Black Sea and north to the whole of Fenno-Scandia and northern [[Russia]]. Isolated resident populations in the Apennines and Caucasus and has bred in the former [[Yugoslavia]] and [[Romania]]. '''Resident''' in the [[Faroes]], [[British Isles]] and east to [[Denmark]] but elsewhere a summer visitor.+Very common in [[Iceland]], the [[Faroes]] and [[British Isles]], from north and central [[France]] east to the northern shores of the Black Sea and north to the whole of Fenno-Scandia and northern [[Russia]] including western [[Siberia]]. Isolated resident populations in the Apennines and Caucasus and has bred in the former [[Yugoslavia]] and [[Romania]]. '''Resident''' in the [[Faroes]], [[British Isles]] and east to [[Denmark]] but elsewhere a summer visitor.
-In '''winter''' occurs throughout Western and Southern [[Europe]], North [[Africa]] and South-West [[Asia]] and many birds undergo more local movements from upland to coastal areas. Main movements in August-October and April-May. '''Vagrants''' recorded in [[Svalbard]] and Bear Island, the [[Azores]] and [[Madeira]], and regular winter visitor in small numbers in [[Kuwait]]. +In '''winter''' occurs throughout Western and Southern [[Europe]], North [[Africa]] and South-West [[Asia]] and many birds undergo more local movements from upland to coastal areas. Main movements in August-October and April-May.
 + 
 +'''Vagrants''' recorded in [[Svalbard]] and Bear Island, the [[Azores]] and [[Madeira]], and regular winter visitor in small numbers in [[Kuwait]].
==Taxonomy== ==Taxonomy==
-Subspecies The nominate race is found throughout the region except in western [[Scotland]] and [[Ireland]] where it is replaced by the more richly-coloured race ''whistleri'', more rufous above and buff below. +====Subspecies<sup>[[#References|[1]]]</sup>====
 +There are 2 subspecies:
 +*''A. p. whistleri'': more rufous above and buff below than nominate
 +:*[[Iceland]] and [[Faroes]] to [[Scotland]], [[Ireland]] and [[England]]
 +*''A. p. pratensis'':
 +:*South-eastern [[Greenland]] to [[Europe]] and western [[Siberia]]; winters to North [[Africa]], [[Iran]]
==Habitat== ==Habitat==
Open country including fields and farmland, marshes, meadows, heaths and moorland. Also on coastal grasslands, sand-dunes open beaches, especially in winter. Likes open country with plenty of vegetation - upland moorland, heathland, fens, grassland, flood meadows and coastal marshes. Open country including fields and farmland, marshes, meadows, heaths and moorland. Also on coastal grasslands, sand-dunes open beaches, especially in winter. Likes open country with plenty of vegetation - upland moorland, heathland, fens, grassland, flood meadows and coastal marshes.
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''[[Media:Anthus pratensis (song).mp3|Listen in an external program]]'' ''[[Media:Anthus pratensis (song).mp3|Listen in an external program]]''
==References== ==References==
-Collins Field Guide 5th Edition+#{{Ref-Clements6thDec09}}#Collins Field Guide 5th Edition
 +{{ref}}
==External Links== ==External Links==
{{GSearch|Anthus+pratensis}} {{GSearch|Anthus+pratensis}}

Current revision

Photo by Dave Whistle Photo taken: Norfolk, England
Photo by Dave Whistle
Photo taken: Norfolk, England
Anthus pratensis

Contents

[edit] Identification

A small, brown, or olive, streaky bird; the streaks becoming closely packed on the upper breast. White outer tail feathers. Indistinct facial pattern. Long hind claw

[edit] Similar Species

Tree Pipit and Rock Pipit

For differences between Eurasian Skylark and Meadow Pipit see this thread in Tips for New Birders Forum

[edit] Distribution

Photo by IanFSaltholme Wetlands, Billingham, UK, September 2010
Photo by IanF
Saltholme Wetlands, Billingham, UK, September 2010

Iceland, the Faroes and British Isles, and Europe. Very common in Iceland, the Faroes and British Isles, from north and central France east to the northern shores of the Black Sea and north to the whole of Fenno-Scandia and northern Russia including western Siberia. Isolated resident populations in the Apennines and Caucasus and has bred in the former Yugoslavia and Romania. Resident in the Faroes, British Isles and east to Denmark but elsewhere a summer visitor.

In winter occurs throughout Western and Southern Europe, North Africa and South-West Asia and many birds undergo more local movements from upland to coastal areas. Main movements in August-October and April-May.

Vagrants recorded in Svalbard and Bear Island, the Azores and Madeira, and regular winter visitor in small numbers in Kuwait.

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies[1]

There are 2 subspecies:

  • A. p. whistleri: more rufous above and buff below than nominate
  • A. p. pratensis:

[edit] Habitat

Open country including fields and farmland, marshes, meadows, heaths and moorland. Also on coastal grasslands, sand-dunes open beaches, especially in winter. Likes open country with plenty of vegetation - upland moorland, heathland, fens, grassland, flood meadows and coastal marshes.

[edit] Behaviour

Creeps about in longish grass.

Often sits on fence wires where long hind claw can be clearly seen

[edit] Flight

Rather erratic

[edit] Vocalisation

A high 'weesk weesk weesk'; a high accelerating song ending in a trill - given in flight.


Listen in an external program

[edit] References

  1. Clements, JF. 2009. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2009. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019.
  2. Collins Field Guide 5th Edition

[edit] External Links

A few photos you see in additional images are of Tree Pipits. Although not mentioned above, the photos highlight how useful bill size can be in identification (with Tree having a more hefty bill)


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