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Mistletoebird

From Opus

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-[[Image:824 Mistletoebird.jpg|thumb|550px|right|Photo by {{user|peterday|peterday}}<br />[[Windy Point Quarry, Adelaide]], [[South Australia]]]]+[[Image:824 Mistletoebird.jpg|thumb|550px|right|Photo by {{user|peterday|peterday}}<br />Windy Point Quarry, Adelaide, [[South Australia]]]]
;[[:Category:Dicaeum|Dicaeum]] hirundinaceum ;[[:Category:Dicaeum|Dicaeum]] hirundinaceum
==Identification== ==Identification==

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Photo by peterdayWindy Point Quarry, Adelaide, South Australia
Photo by peterday
Windy Point Quarry, Adelaide, South Australia
Dicaeum hirundinaceum

Contents

[edit] Identification

10-11cm

  • Blueish-black plumage
  • Red chest
  • Red undertail
  • White belly with black centre stripe

Female

  • Dark grey upperparts
  • Light grey belly
  • Slight red tinge under the tail

[edit] Distribution

Australia, Papua New Guinea, and eastern Indonesia.

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

There are 4 subspecies[1]:

  • D. h. kiense:
  • Southern Wallacea (Watubela, Tayandu and Kai islands)
  • D. h. fulgidum:
  • Tanimbar Island (Yamdena, Larat and Lutu)
  • D. h. ignicolle:
  • Aru Islands
  • D. h. hirundinaceum:
  • Islands in Torres Strait and treed areas of mainland Australia

[edit] Habitat

Trees and shrubs.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

Diet includes the mistletoe berries, nectar, pollen, spiders, and insects.

[edit] Breeding

Both adults build the nest* of crushed plants, palm threads and spider webs.

*Most on-line sources state that only the female builds the nest, but this picture shows a male collecting nesting material from a palm.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, JF. 2011. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to August 2011. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019. Spreadsheet available at http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/downloadable-clements-checklist
  2. Wikipedia
  3. Wild Walks
  4. BF Member observations

[edit] External Links

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