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Northern Wheatear

From Opus

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-[[Image:Northern_Wheatear.jpg|thumb|550px|right|Photo by {{user|Paul+Hackett|Paul Hackett}}]]+[[Image:Northern_Wheatear.jpg|thumb|550px|right|Male<br />Photo by {{user|Paul+Hackett|Paul Hackett}}]]
;[[:Category:Oenanthe|Oenanthe]] oenanthe ;[[:Category:Oenanthe|Oenanthe]] oenanthe
==Identification== ==Identification==
Line 9: Line 9:
*Black wings and face mask *Black wings and face mask
*White stripe above the eye<br/> *White stripe above the eye<br/>
-[[Image:Female-wheatear-nice-pose.jpg|thumb|350px|right|Photo by {{user|Jacksnipe|acksnipe}}<br />Female]]+ 
'''Female''' '''Female'''
*Sandy-brown above and buff below *Sandy-brown above and buff below
*Eye patch and wings are brown<br/> *Eye patch and wings are brown<br/>
Autumnal male, female and juvenile are browner in the autumn. Autumnal male, female and juvenile are browner in the autumn.
-==Distribution==+<br />
-[[Europe]], [[Asia]], [[Canada]] and [[Greenland]]. +
 +'''Gallery''' of Northern Wheatear photos. (Click on an image to enlarge it.)
 +<gallery>
 +Image:Female-wheatear-nice-pose.jpg|Female.<br />Photo by {{user|Jacksnipe|Jacksnipe}}
 +Image:Juv WheatearSP079421C.jpg|Juvenile.<br />Photo by {{user|Nigel+Kiteley |Nigel Kiteley}}
 +Image:Wheatearflight.jpg|In flight.<br />Photo by {{user|targetman|targetman}}
 +Image:d11_0450.jpg|Seebohm’s Wheatear ''(O.o. Seebohmi)''.<br />Photo by {{user|Gary_Clark|Gary Clark}}
 +</gallery>
 +
 +[[Category:Birds]] [[Category:Oenanthe]][[Category:Bird Songs]] [[Category:Videos]]
 +==Distribution==
 +[[Europe]], [[Asia]], [[Africa]], [[Canada]] and [[Greenland]].
==Taxonomy== ==Taxonomy==
 +[http://www.birdforum.net/showthread.php?p=2196461 This thread] discusses aspects of Northern Wheatear taxonomy.
 +
''Oenanthe oenanthe'' has four subspecies:<sup>[[#References|[1]]]</sup> ''Oenanthe oenanthe'' has four subspecies:<sup>[[#References|[1]]]</sup>
*''O. o. leucorhoa'' *''O. o. leucorhoa''
Line 24: Line 36:
:*[[British Isles]] to [[Mediterranean]] and [[Siberia]]; migrates to central [[Africa]] :*[[British Isles]] to [[Mediterranean]] and [[Siberia]]; migrates to central [[Africa]]
*''O. o. libanotica'' *''O. o. libanotica''
-:*Southern [[Spain]] and Balearic Is. to [[Iran]], [[Khazakstan]] and [[Mongolia]]+:*Southern [[Spain]] and Balearic Is. to [[Iran]], [[Kazakhstan]] and [[Mongolia]]
*''O. o. seebohmi'' *''O. o. seebohmi''
:*[[Morocco]] to north-eastern [[Algeria]]; migrates to [[Mauritania]] :*[[Morocco]] to north-eastern [[Algeria]]; migrates to [[Mauritania]]
 +:*[http://www.birdforum.net/showthread.php?t=137889 This thread] discusses the possibility that ''seebohmi'' may be a separate species
==Habitat== ==Habitat==
Rocky tundra, barren slopes, hill pastures, sand dunes. Rocky tundra, barren slopes, hill pastures, sand dunes.
-[[Image:Juv WheatearSP079421C.jpg|thumb|350px|right|Photo by {{user|Nigel+Kiteley |Nigel Kiteley }}<br />Juvenile, Draycote Water]] 
==Behaviour== ==Behaviour==
====Diet==== ====Diet====
Diet includes insects, some berries. Diet includes insects, some berries.
====Breeding==== ====Breeding====
-Nest is on ground on dry tundra, usually in hole in a wall, under stones, or in old rabbit burrow. and is a cup of grass, twigs, weeds, lined with finer material such as moss, lichens, rootlets. The clutch is usually 5-6 pale blue eggs; unmarked or with fine reddish brown dots which are incubated by the female for 13-14 days.+Nest is on ground on dry tundra, usually in hole in a wall, under stones, or in old rabbit burrow. and is a cup of grass, twigs, weeds, lined with finer material such as moss, lichens, rootlets. The clutch is usually 5-6 pale blue eggs; unmarked, or with fine reddish brown dots, which are incubated by the female for 13-14 days.
==Vocalisation== ==Vocalisation==
<flashmp3>Oenanthe oenanthe (song).mp3</flashmp3><br /> <flashmp3>Oenanthe oenanthe (song).mp3</flashmp3><br />
Line 46: Line 58:
==External Links== ==External Links==
{{GSearch|Oenanthe_oenanthe}} {{GSearch|Oenanthe_oenanthe}}
-<br /> 
{{Video|Northern_Wheatear}} {{Video|Northern_Wheatear}}
-[[Category:Birds]] [[Category:Oenanthe]][[Category:Bird Songs]] 

Revision as of 06:56, 18 July 2011

MalePhoto by Paul Hackett
Male
Photo by Paul Hackett
Oenanthe oenanthe

Contents

Identification

14½–16 cm length
White rump, basal tail patches with black centre and terminal band.
Breeding Male

  • Grey upperparts
  • Buff throat
  • Black wings and face mask
  • White stripe above the eye

Female

  • Sandy-brown above and buff below
  • Eye patch and wings are brown

Autumnal male, female and juvenile are browner in the autumn.

Gallery of Northern Wheatear photos. (Click on an image to enlarge it.)

Distribution

Europe, Asia, Africa, Canada and Greenland.

Taxonomy

This thread discusses aspects of Northern Wheatear taxonomy.

Oenanthe oenanthe has four subspecies:[1]

  • O. o. leucorhoa
  • O. o. oenanthe
  • O. o. libanotica
  • O. o. seebohmi

Habitat

Rocky tundra, barren slopes, hill pastures, sand dunes.

Behaviour

Diet

Diet includes insects, some berries.

Breeding

Nest is on ground on dry tundra, usually in hole in a wall, under stones, or in old rabbit burrow. and is a cup of grass, twigs, weeds, lined with finer material such as moss, lichens, rootlets. The clutch is usually 5-6 pale blue eggs; unmarked, or with fine reddish brown dots, which are incubated by the female for 13-14 days.

Vocalisation


Listen in an external program

References

  1. Clements, JF. 2008. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2008. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019.
  2. Wikipedia
  3. Birdwatchers Pocket Guide ISBN 1-85732-804-3
  4. houghtonmifflinbooks
  5. Collins Field Guide 6th Edition

External Links

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