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The SACC has evaluated N. kalinowskii as a synonym of N. ornata branickii - a subspecies of Ornate Tinamou. However, the Opus retains N. kalinowskii as a full species awaiting further deliberation. Clements recognizes N. kalinowskii as a full species.
Three subspecies are recognized by Clements:
Scrub and open woodland.
Like other Tinamous, the Ornate Tinamou eats fruit off the ground or low-lying bushes. They also eat small amounts of invertebrates, flower buds, tender leaves, seeds, and roots.
The male incubates the eggs which may come from as many as 4 different females, and raises the chicks until they are ready to be on their own, usually 2-3 weeks. The nest is located on the ground in dense brush or between raised root buttresses.