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Red-faced Malkoha

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-{{incomplete}}+[[Image:Red-facedMalkoha.jpg|thumb|500px|<br />Photo by {{user|Steve+G|Steve G}}<br />Sinharaja, [[Sri Lanka]], July, 2009]]
;[[:Category:Phaenicophaeus|Phaenicophaeus]] pyrrhocephalus ;[[:Category:Phaenicophaeus|Phaenicophaeus]] pyrrhocephalus
-[[Image:Red-facedMalkoha.jpg|thumb|550px|<br />Photo by {{user|Steve+G|Steve G}}<br />Sinharaja, [[Sri Lanka]], July, 2009]] 
==Identification== ==Identification==
-This is a large species at 46 cm with a long graduated tail. Its back is dark green, and the uppertail is green edged with white. The belly and undertail are white, the latter being barred black. The crown and throat are black, and the lower face white. There is a large red patch around the eye and the bill is green. Sexes are similar, but juveniles are much duller. The Red-faced Malkoha takes a variety of insects including caterpillars, giant stick insects, mantises and small vertebrates such as lizard. It occasionally may eat berries but this needs confirmation.+A large Malkohe (46cm) with a long graduated tail:
 +* Dark green back
 +* Green edged with white uppertail
 +* White belly and undertail, undertail barred black
 +* Black throat and crown, white lower face
 +* Large red patch around eye
 +* Green bill
 +*Dark iris
 + 
 +Sexes similar; the female has a white iris, juveniles duller
==Distribution== ==Distribution==
-[[Sri Lanka]]+Endemic to [[Sri Lanka]].<br />
- +Regularly seen at [[Sinharaja]] and other remaining rain forests.
==Taxonomy== ==Taxonomy==
 +This is a [[Dictionary_M-S#M|monotypic]] species<sup>[[#References|[1]]]</sup>.
==Habitat== ==Habitat==
-The Red-Faced Malkoha is regularly seen at Sinharaja and few other remaining rain forests, frequents associating with feeding waves. It is also found in scattered riverine habitats in the dry zone, such as Lahugala, Wasgamuwa, Manik Ganga and Kubukkan Oya.+Found in tall rain forest. Also in scattered riverine habitats in the dry zone.
- +
==Behaviour== ==Behaviour==
-It inhabits tall forest, and lives either solitary, in pairs, or in small flocks. It is shy and restless, a dweller in the tree canopy, where, like the last species, it cleverly threads its way through tangled twigs, creepers and foliage.+Feeds on insects (caterpillars, giant stick insects, mantises) and small vertebrates (eg lizards). May occasionally take berries.<br />
-The breeding season is in the first half of the year and probably again in August-September. The nest is described as a shallow saucer of grass, roots and twigs, very carelessly put together, and placed in high bushes in forest with thick undergrowth. The two or three eggs are white, with a chalky surface, and they measure about 35.8 X 27 mm. +Usually seen solitary, in pairs or small flocks. Joins bird waves.<br />
- +A shy inhabitant of the tree canopy.
- +====Breeding====
 +Breeds in the first half of the year (and probably also August to September). The nest is a shallow saucer made of grass, twigs and roots. It's placed in a high bush in a forest area with thick undergrowth. Lays 2 to 3 eggs.
 +==References==
 +#{{Ref-Clements6thAug11}}
 +{{ref}}
==External Links== ==External Links==
{{GSearch|Phaenicophaeus+pyrrhocephalus}} {{GSearch|Phaenicophaeus+pyrrhocephalus}}

Revision as of 20:01, 1 March 2012

Photo by Steve GSinharaja, Sri Lanka, July, 2009

Photo by Steve G
Sinharaja, Sri Lanka, July, 2009
Phaenicophaeus pyrrhocephalus

Contents

Identification

A large Malkohe (46cm) with a long graduated tail:

  • Dark green back
  • Green edged with white uppertail
  • White belly and undertail, undertail barred black
  • Black throat and crown, white lower face
  • Large red patch around eye
  • Green bill
  • Dark iris

Sexes similar; the female has a white iris, juveniles duller

Distribution

Endemic to Sri Lanka.
Regularly seen at Sinharaja and other remaining rain forests.

Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species[1].

Habitat

Found in tall rain forest. Also in scattered riverine habitats in the dry zone.

Behaviour

Feeds on insects (caterpillars, giant stick insects, mantises) and small vertebrates (eg lizards). May occasionally take berries.
Usually seen solitary, in pairs or small flocks. Joins bird waves.
A shy inhabitant of the tree canopy.

Breeding

Breeds in the first half of the year (and probably also August to September). The nest is a shallow saucer made of grass, twigs and roots. It's placed in a high bush in a forest area with thick undergrowth. Lays 2 to 3 eggs.

References

  1. Clements, JF. 2011. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to August 2011. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019. Spreadsheet available at http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/downloadable-clements-checklist

External Links

http://charlirox-slbirds.blogspot.com/2011/09/watha-rathu-malkoha-red-faced-malkoha.html

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