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Scaled Antpitta

From Opus


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Grallaria guatimalensis

Contents

[edit] Identification

18cm

  • Grey nape
  • Olive brown crown and upperparts, feathers scaled black
  • Brown throat
  • Cinnamon underparts

[edit] Distribution

Central and South America
Central America: Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama
South America: Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia.

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

There are 9 subspecies[1]:

  • G. g. ochraceiventris: Mountains of south-western Mexico (Jalisco to Hidalgo, Guerrero and Morelos)
  • G. g. guatimalensis: Southern Mexico (north-western Veracruz and Oaxaca) to northern Nicaragua
  • G. g. princeps: Subtropical Costa Rica to western Panama (Veraguas)
  • G. g. chocoensis: Mountains of eastern Panama (Darién) and north-western Colombia (Chocó)
  • G. g. carmelitae: Santa Marta Mountains (north-eastern Colombia) and Sierra de Perijá
  • G. g. aripoensis: Trinidad
  • G. g. regulus: Andes of Colombia, eastern Ecuador and Peru (south to Cusco)
  • G. g. sororia: Southern Peru (Cusco) to central Bolivia (Santa Cruz)
  • G. g. roraimae: Tepuis of southern Venezuela, adjacent northern Brazil and western Guyana

An additional subspecies binfordi is not recognised by most authorities[2].

[edit] Habitat

Moist lowland forests and montanes.

[edit] Behaviour

Terrestrial.

[edit] Breeding

It builds a cup nest of sticks and leaves low in a shrub, into which 2 eggs are laid.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, JF. 2010. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2010. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019. Spreadsheet available at http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/Clements%206.5.xls/view
  2. Avibase

[edit] External Links

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