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Short-crested Flycatcher

From Opus

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-{{incomplete}}+[[Image:Short-crested Flycatcherbirdclub.jpg|thumb|550px|right|Photo by {{user|birdclub|birdclub}}<br />Pantanal, [[Brazil]]]]
-[[Image:20853C pia 2 de DSC 005700100001.jpg|thumb|550px|right|Photo by Luiz<br />Photo taken: Vista Linda Hotel, Itatiaia, Brasil.]]+
;[[: Category:Myiarchus|Myiarchus]] ferox ;[[: Category:Myiarchus|Myiarchus]] ferox
==Identification== ==Identification==
-Black bill, two dull grey wing-bars and pale grey edging to the wing feathers.+18cm. A larger, dark-tailed and slightly crested Myiarchus Flycatcher.
 +* Dark olive brown above
 +* Moderately deep yellow belly
 +* Black bill
 +* Two dull grey wing-bars and pale grey edging to the wing feathers
 +====Similar species====
 +[[Swainson's Flycatcher]] has a light pinkish brown lower mandible.
==Distribution== ==Distribution==
-[[Argentina]], [[Bolivia]], [[Brazil]], [[Colombia]], [[Ecuador]], [[French Guiana]], [[Guyana]], [[Paraguay]], [[Peru]], [[Suriname]], [[Uruguay]], and [[Venezuela]]. +Found in tropical [[South America]], mainly in the Amazon Basin.<br />
 +Fairly common to common.
==Taxonomy== ==Taxonomy==
Three subspecies are recognized<sup>[[#References|[1]]]</sup>: Three subspecies are recognized<sup>[[#References|[1]]]</sup>:
-*''M.f. brunnescens''+*''M.f. brunnescens'' in southwest [[Venezuela]] and extreme north-east [[Colombia]]
-*''M.f. ferox''+*''M.f. ferox'' in the Amazon Basin ([[Colombia]], [[Ecuador]], [[Bolivia]], [[Peru]], [[Venezuela]], [[French Guiana]], [[Guyana]], [[Suriname]] and [[Brazil]]
-*''M.f. australis''+*''M.f. australis'' from southeast [[Bolivia]] to southern [[Brazil]], northern [[Argentina]], [[Paraguay]] and possibly also [[Uruguay]]
- +[[Panama Flycatcher]] and [[Venezuelan Flycatcher]] were formerly included as subspecies in this species.
==Habitat== ==Habitat==
Edges and borders of forest and woodland. Edges and borders of forest and woodland.
==Behaviour== ==Behaviour==
- +Feeds on insects and fruits.<br />
 +Usually seen singly or in pairs. Often leans forward while perched, raises the crest and bobs the head.<br />
 +The nest is placed in a tree cavity. Lays 2 eggs. Probably parasitized by [[Shiny Cowbird]].<br />
 +A sedentary species.
==References== ==References==
-#{{Ref-Clements6thDec09}}+#{{Ref-Clements6thAug11}}#{{Ref-HBWVol9}}
 +{{ref}}
==External Links== ==External Links==
{{GSearch|Myiarchus+ferox}} {{GSearch|Myiarchus+ferox}}
[[Category:Birds]][[Category:Myiarchus]] [[Category:Birds]][[Category:Myiarchus]]

Revision as of 18:43, 23 April 2012

Photo by birdclubPantanal, Brazil
Photo by birdclub
Pantanal, Brazil
Myiarchus ferox

Contents

Identification

18cm. A larger, dark-tailed and slightly crested Myiarchus Flycatcher.

  • Dark olive brown above
  • Moderately deep yellow belly
  • Black bill
  • Two dull grey wing-bars and pale grey edging to the wing feathers

Similar species

Swainson's Flycatcher has a light pinkish brown lower mandible.

Distribution

Found in tropical South America, mainly in the Amazon Basin.
Fairly common to common.

Taxonomy

Three subspecies are recognized[1]:

Panama Flycatcher and Venezuelan Flycatcher were formerly included as subspecies in this species.

Habitat

Edges and borders of forest and woodland.

Behaviour

Feeds on insects and fruits.
Usually seen singly or in pairs. Often leans forward while perched, raises the crest and bobs the head.
The nest is placed in a tree cavity. Lays 2 eggs. Probably parasitized by Shiny Cowbird.
A sedentary species.

References

  1. Clements, JF. 2011. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to August 2011. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019. Spreadsheet available at http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/downloadable-clements-checklist
  2. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliot, and D Christie, eds. 2004. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 9: Cotingas to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8487334696

External Links

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