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Streaked Xenops

From Opus

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;[[:Category:Xenops|Xenops]] rutilans ;[[:Category:Xenops|Xenops]] rutilans
-[[Image:d10_0400.jpg|thumb|450px|right|Photo by {{user|Gary+Clark|Gary Clark}} <br/>Location: Kiri Lodge near Orosi, [[Costa Rica]].]]+[[Image:d10_0400.jpg|thumb|450px|right|Photo by {{user|Gary+Clark|Gary Clark}} <br /> Kiri Lodge near Orosi, [[Costa Rica]]]]
==Identification== ==Identification==
-Length: 12cm. Dark brown head, whitish supercilium and malar stripe, brown upperparts, becoming rufous on the tail and rump, buff bar on the darker brown wings, white-streaked olive brown underparts. Short, upturned bill. Sexes are similar. +Length: 12cm
 +*Dark brown head
 +*Whitish [[Topography#Heads|supercilium]]
 +*[[Topography#Heads|Malar]] stripe
 +*Brown upperparts, becoming rufous on the tail and rump
 +*Buff bar on the darker brown wings
 +*White-streaked olive brown underparts
 +*Short, upturned bill<br />
 +Sexes are similar
==Distribution== ==Distribution==
From [[Costa Rica]] south over [[Panama]], [[Ecuador]], [[Colombia]], [[Venezuela]], [[Brazil]] and [[Peru]] to [[Bolivia]] and northern [[Argentina]]. Also on [[Trinidad]]. From [[Costa Rica]] south over [[Panama]], [[Ecuador]], [[Colombia]], [[Venezuela]], [[Brazil]] and [[Peru]] to [[Bolivia]] and northern [[Argentina]]. Also on [[Trinidad]].
- 
==Taxonomy== ==Taxonomy==
-Eleven subspecies are recognized:<sup>[[#References|[1]]]</sup>+====Subspecies<sup>[[#References|[1]]]</sup>====
- +Eleven subspecies are recognized:
 +*''X. r. septentrionalis'': Highlands of [[Costa Rica]] and western [[Panama]]
 +*''X. r. heterurus'': Eastern [[Panama]] to north-eastern [[Ecuador]] and [[Venezuela]]; winters to [[Trinidad]]
 +*''X. r. incomptus'': Eastern [[Panama]] (Darién)
 +*''X. r. perijanus'': Sierra de Perijá ([[Colombia]]/[[Venezuela]] border)
 +*''X. r. phelpsi'': Santa Marta Mountains (north-eastern [[Colombia]])
 +*''X. r. guayae'': Tropical western [[Ecuador]] and extreme north-western [[Peru]] (Piura)
 +*''X. r. peruvianus'': Tropical eastern [[Ecuador]] and eastern [[Peru]]
 +*''X. r. purusianus'': [[Brazil]] south of the Amazon (Rio Purús, Madeira and Tapajós)
 +*''X. r. connectens'': Eastern [[Bolivia]] and north-western [[Argentina]]
 +*''X. r. chapadensis'': South-western [[Brazil]] (Mato Grosso) and northern [[Bolivia]] (Río Beni)
 +*''X. r. rutilans'': South-eastern [[Brazil]] to eastern [[Paraguay]] and north-eastern [[Argentina]]
==Habitat== ==Habitat==
Wet forests in foothills and mountains between 600-2,200 m altitude. Wet forests in foothills and mountains between 600-2,200 m altitude.
==Behaviour== ==Behaviour==
-The diet includes arthropods, and the larvae of wood-boring beetles. Foraging behavior is typical of furnarids - flies to a low position on a branch or tree trunk, and systematically scoots upwards probing for food.+====Diet====
-It places a few stems and roots in a hole 1.5-4.5 m high in a tree for its nest. 2 white eggs are laid and are incubated by both sexes. +The diet includes arthropods, and the larvae of wood-boring beetles. Foraging behavior is typical of [[:Furnariidae|furnarids]] - flies to a low position on a branch or tree trunk, and systematically scoots upwards probing for food.
 +====Breeding====
 +It places a few stems and roots in a hole 1.5-4.5 m high in a tree for its nest. The 2 white eggs are incubated by both sexes.
==References== ==References==
-#{{Ref-Clements6thDec09}}+#{{Ref-Clements6thDec09}}#Wikipedia
{{Ref}} {{Ref}}
- 
==External Links== ==External Links==
{{GSearch|Xenops+rutilans}} {{GSearch|Xenops+rutilans}}
[[Category:Birds]] [[Category:Xenops]] [[Category:Birds]] [[Category:Xenops]]

Revision as of 22:31, 11 August 2010

Xenops rutilans
Photo by Gary Clark  Kiri Lodge near Orosi, Costa Rica
Photo by Gary Clark
Kiri Lodge near Orosi, Costa Rica

Contents

Identification

Length: 12cm

  • Dark brown head
  • Whitish supercilium
  • Malar stripe
  • Brown upperparts, becoming rufous on the tail and rump
  • Buff bar on the darker brown wings
  • White-streaked olive brown underparts
  • Short, upturned bill

Sexes are similar

Distribution

From Costa Rica south over Panama, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, Brazil and Peru to Bolivia and northern Argentina. Also on Trinidad.

Taxonomy

Subspecies[1]

Eleven subspecies are recognized:

Habitat

Wet forests in foothills and mountains between 600-2,200 m altitude.

Behaviour

Diet

The diet includes arthropods, and the larvae of wood-boring beetles. Foraging behavior is typical of furnarids - flies to a low position on a branch or tree trunk, and systematically scoots upwards probing for food.

Breeding

It places a few stems and roots in a hole 1.5-4.5 m high in a tree for its nest. The 2 white eggs are incubated by both sexes.

References

  1. Clements, JF. 2009. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2009. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019.
  2. Wikipedia

External Links

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