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Streaked Xenops

From Opus

Revision as of 22:31, 11 August 2010 by Deliatodd-18346 (Talk | contribs)
Xenops rutilans
Photo by Gary Clark  Kiri Lodge near Orosi, Costa Rica
Photo by Gary Clark
Kiri Lodge near Orosi, Costa Rica

Contents

Identification

Length: 12cm

  • Dark brown head
  • Whitish supercilium
  • Malar stripe
  • Brown upperparts, becoming rufous on the tail and rump
  • Buff bar on the darker brown wings
  • White-streaked olive brown underparts
  • Short, upturned bill

Sexes are similar

Distribution

From Costa Rica south over Panama, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, Brazil and Peru to Bolivia and northern Argentina. Also on Trinidad.

Taxonomy

Subspecies[1]

Eleven subspecies are recognized:

Habitat

Wet forests in foothills and mountains between 600-2,200 m altitude.

Behaviour

Diet

The diet includes arthropods, and the larvae of wood-boring beetles. Foraging behavior is typical of furnarids - flies to a low position on a branch or tree trunk, and systematically scoots upwards probing for food.

Breeding

It places a few stems and roots in a hole 1.5-4.5 m high in a tree for its nest. The 2 white eggs are incubated by both sexes.

References

  1. Clements, JF. 2009. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2009. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019.
  2. Wikipedia

External Links

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