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Surf Scoter

From Opus

Revision as of 22:45, 5 July 2014 by Deliatodd-18346 (Talk | contribs)
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Photo by mikyip Deep Bay, British Columbia, Canada, November 2004
Photo by mikyip
Deep Bay, British Columbia, Canada, November 2004
Melanitta perspicillata

Contents

[edit] Identification

44-48cm
Male

  • Black plumage
  • White patches on the nape and forehead
  • Bulbous red, yellow and white bill

Females

  • Brown with pale head patches
FemalePhoto by bobsofpaBarnegat Lighthouse State Park, New Jersey, USA, January 2010
Female
Photo by bobsofpa
Barnegat Lighthouse State Park, New Jersey, USA, January 2010

[edit] Distribution

Northern North America; winters to Baja California, southern US and the British Isles.

[edit] Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species[1].

[edit] Habitat

Freshwater lakes, rivers, woodland and tundra.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Breeding

The clutch of 5-9 eggs is laid in a ground nest. Incubation takes around 28-30 days; fledging a further 55 days.

[edit] Diet

Photo by eastwoodIona, Canada, 2006
Photo by eastwood
Iona, Canada, 2006

The diet includes crustaceans and molluscs, the young eat freshwater invertebrates.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, JF. 2009. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2009. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019.
  2. Avibase
  3. Wikipedia

[edit] External Links


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