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Swamp Sparrow

From Opus

(Difference between revisions)
Revision as of 17:07, 23 April 2009 (edit)
HelenB (Talk | contribs)
(change out photo, add taxonomy)
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Current revision (22:14, 6 September 2010) (edit) (undo)
Deliatodd-18346 (Talk | contribs)
(Attempt to disguise copied text. Picture of Juvenile. Distribution, Taxonomy & Habitat expanded. References)
 
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-[[Image:Swamp Sparrow2.jpg|thumb|550px|right|Photo by {{user|JN+Dell|JN Dell}}<br />Location: South [[Georgia]], [[USA]]]]+[[Image:Swamp Sparrow2.jpg|thumb|550px|right|Photo by {{user|JN+Dell|JN Dell}}<br /> South [[:Category:Georgia (U.S. state)|Georgia]], [[USA]], January 2007]]
;[[:Category:Melospiza|Melospiza]] georgiana ;[[:Category:Melospiza|Melospiza]] georgiana
==Identification== ==Identification==
-5 ins (12-14cm). Streaked rusty and black upperparts, gray breast, light belly, white throat, solid rust-colored cap (streaky in winter), and rusty wings. Gray face, dark line through the eye. They have a short bill and fairly long legs.+5 ins (12-14cm)
 +*Streaked rusty and black upperparts
 +*Gray breast
 +*Light belly
 +*White throat
 +*Solid rust-colored cap (with pale central stripe in winter)
 +[[Image:12233sparrow2.jpg|thumb|350px|right|Juvenile<br />Photo by {{user|stephennj|stephennj}}<br />[[New Jersey]], [[USA]], October 2004]]
 +*Rusty wings
 +*Gray face
 +*Dark line through the eye
 +*Short bill
 +*Fairly long legs
==Distribution== ==Distribution==
-[[North America]] and central [[Canada]].+Central [[Canada]], [[North America|North]] and [[Central America]] <br />
- +'''Canada''': [[Alberta]], [[British Columbia]], [[Manitoba]], [[New Brunswick]], [[Newfoundland]], [[Labrador]], [[Nova Scotia]], [[Northwest Territories]], [[Ontario]], [[Prince Edward Island]], [[Saskatchewan]] and [[Yukon]]<br />
 +'''United States of America''': [[New England]], [[Alabama]], [[Arkansas]], [[Arizona]], [[California]], [[Colorado]], [[Connecticut]], [[District of Columbia]], [[Delaware]], [[Florida]], [[Georgia]], [[Iowa]], [[Idaho]], [[Illinois]], [[Indiana]], [[Kansas]], [[Kentucky]], [[Louisiana]], [[Massachusetts]], [[Maryland]], [[Maine]], [[Michigan]], [[Minnesota]], [[Missouri]], [[Mississippi]], [[North Carolina]], [[North Dakota]], [[Nebraska]], [[New Hampshire]], [[New Jersey]], [[New Mexico]], [[Nevada]], [[New York]], [[Ohio]], [[Oklahoma]], [[Oregon]], [[Pennsylvania]], [[South Carolina]], [[South Dakota]], [[Tennessee]], [[Texas]], [[Virginia]], [[Vermont]], [[Washington]], [[Wisconsin]], [[West Virginia]] and [[Wyoming]]<br />
 +'''Central America''': [[Mexico]] and [[Baja California]]
==Taxonomy== ==Taxonomy==
-2 subspecies:+====Subspecies<sup>[[#References|[1]]]</sup>====
-*M. g. ericrypta (Oberholser, 1938) - Northern Swamp Sparrow, Western Swamp Sparrow +There are 3 subspecies:
-*M. g. georgiana (Latham, 1790) - Southern Swamp Sparrow+*''M. g. ericrypta'':
 +:*Eastern and central [[Canada]]; winters to southern [[US]] and north-eastern [[Mexico]]
 +*''M. g. georgiana'':
 +:*[[North Dakota]] to [[Nova Scotia]] and north-eastern [[US]]; winters to southern [[Texas]] and [[Florida]]
 +*''M. g. nigrescens'':
 +:*Atlantic coast from [[New Jersey]] to [[Maryland]]
==Habitat== ==Habitat==
-Marshes.+Swamps, marshes, damp fields, bogs, floodplains, salt marshes.
==Behaviour== ==Behaviour==
 +====Breeding====
It builds a bulky nest with leaves arching over the top, which is attached to marsh vegetation. It builds a bulky nest with leaves arching over the top, which is attached to marsh vegetation.
- +====Diet====
The diet includes insects and seeds. The diet includes insects and seeds.
 +==References==
 +#{{Ref-Clements6thDec09}}#Avibase
 +#Wikipedia
 +#BF Member observations
 +{{ref}}
==External Links== ==External Links==
{{GSearch|Melospiza+georgiana}} {{GSearch|Melospiza+georgiana}}
[[Category:Birds]][[Category:Melospiza]] [[Category:Birds]][[Category:Melospiza]]

Current revision

Photo by JN Dell South Georgia, USA, January 2007
Photo by JN Dell
South Georgia, USA, January 2007
Melospiza georgiana

Contents

[edit] Identification

5 ins (12-14cm)

  • Streaked rusty and black upperparts
  • Gray breast
  • Light belly
  • White throat
  • Solid rust-colored cap (with pale central stripe in winter)
JuvenilePhoto by stephennjNew Jersey, USA, October 2004
Juvenile
Photo by stephennj
New Jersey, USA, October 2004
  • Rusty wings
  • Gray face
  • Dark line through the eye
  • Short bill
  • Fairly long legs

[edit] Distribution

Central Canada, North and Central America
Canada: Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Labrador, Nova Scotia, Northwest Territories, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Saskatchewan and Yukon
United States of America: New England, Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Vermont, Washington, Wisconsin, West Virginia and Wyoming
Central America: Mexico and Baja California

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies[1]

There are 3 subspecies:

  • M. g. ericrypta:
  • Eastern and central Canada; winters to southern US and north-eastern Mexico
  • M. g. georgiana:
  • M. g. nigrescens:

[edit] Habitat

Swamps, marshes, damp fields, bogs, floodplains, salt marshes.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Breeding

It builds a bulky nest with leaves arching over the top, which is attached to marsh vegetation.

[edit] Diet

The diet includes insects and seeds.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, JF. 2009. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2009. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019.
  2. Avibase
  3. Wikipedia
  4. BF Member observations

[edit] External Links

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