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White-browed Coucal

From Opus

(Difference between revisions)
Revision as of 16:25, 24 November 2010 (edit)
Wintibird (Talk | contribs)
(burchell's coucal included)
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Current revision (20:32, 20 April 2012) (edit) (undo)
Deliatodd-18346 (Talk | contribs)
(Picture of 'puffed up' bird. Text spread to allow for extra photo. References)
 
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'''Includes: Burchell's Coucal''' '''Includes: Burchell's Coucal'''
==Identification== ==Identification==
-This is a large bird (about 16", 410mm in length) with very striking plumage including its distinctive broad, yellowish-white supercilliary stripe. However it can be difficult to see due to its habit of skulking in shubbery, undergrowth and dense waterside vegetation.<br />+This is a large bird (about 16", 410mm in length) with very striking plumage including its distinctive broad, yellowish-white supercilliary stripe. <br />
''burchelli'' is missing the white superciliary stripe ''burchelli'' is missing the white superciliary stripe
 +[[Image:White-browed_Coucal.jpg|thumb|350px|right|juvenile<br />Photo by {{user|juninho|juninho}}<br />Maasai Mara NP, [[Kenya]] ]]
==Distribution== ==Distribution==
-Central, southern and eastern [[Africa]] and the [[Arabian Peninsula]].+Central, southern and eastern [[Africa]] and the [[Arabian Peninsula]].<br />
 +'''Western Africa''': [[Gabon]], [[DRC]] and [[Angola]]<br />
 +'''Eastern Africa''': [[Sudan]], [[Eritrea]], [[Ethiopia]], [[Djibouti]], [[Somalia]], [[Kenya]], [[Uganda]], [[Rwanda]], [[Burundi]], [[Tanzania]], [[Zanzibar]], Pemba Island, Mafia Island, [[Zambia]], [[Mozambique]] and [[Malawi]]<br />
 +'''Southern Africa''': [[Namibia]], [[Botswana]], [[Zimbabwe]], [[Lesotho]]<br />
 +'''Middle East''': [[Arabian Peninsula]], [[Saudi Arabia]], [[Yemen]], [[Socotra]]
==Taxonomy== ==Taxonomy==
-[[Image:White-browed_Coucal.jpg|thumb|350px|right|juvenile<br />Photo by {{user|juninho|juninho}}<br />Maasai Mara NP, [[Kenya]] ]]+''Centropus superciliosus'' has four subspecies<sup>[[#References|[1]]]</sup>:
-''Centropus superciliosus'' has four subspecies:+*''C. s. superciliosus'':
-*''C. s. superciliosus'' from east [[Sudan]] to [[Ethiopia]], [[Somalia]], [[Kenya]], northeast [[Uganda]] and northeast [[Tanzania]] +:* from east [[Sudan]] to [[Ethiopia]], [[Somalia]], [[Kenya]], northeast [[Uganda]] and northeast [[Tanzania]]
-*''C. s. sokotrae'' on [[Socotra]] and in southwest [[Arabia]]+[[Image:12368Burchells_Coucal_rudydbn_IllovoGlen.jpg|thumb|350px|right|''burchellii''<br />Photo by {{user|rudydbn|rudydbn}} <br />Illovo Glen, [[KwaZulu-Natal]], [[South Africa]] ]]
-*''C. s. loandae'' from [[Uganda]] and southwest [[Kenya]] to northern [[Zimbabwe]], [[Zambia]], [[Botswana]] and [[Angola]] +*''C. s. sokotrae'':
-*''C. s. burchellii'' from east [[Botswana]] to southern [[Zimbabwe]], [[Mozambique]] and [[South Africa]] +:*on [[Socotra]] and in southwest [[Arabia]]
-burchellii is sometimes accepted as full species, '''Burchell's Coucal'''.+*''C. s. loandae'':
 +:*from [[Uganda]] and southwest [[Kenya]] to northern [[Zimbabwe]], [[Zambia]], [[Botswana]] and [[Angola]]
 +*''C. s. burchellii'':
 +:*from east [[Botswana]] to southern [[Zimbabwe]], [[Mozambique]] and [[South Africa]]
 +''C. burchellii'' is sometimes accepted as full species, '''Burchell's Coucal'''.
==Habitat== ==Habitat==
Riverine bush and wetlands. Riverine bush and wetlands.
==Behaviour== ==Behaviour==
 +[[Image:White-browed Coucal puffed up 8754.jpg|thumb|350px|right|Puffed up behaviour<br />Photo by {{user|rdavis|rdavis}}<br />Near Xigera Camp, central Okavango Delta, [[Botswana]], November 2011]]
 +It can be difficult to see due to its habit of skulking in shrubbery, undergrowth and dense waterside vegetation.
 +====Breeding====
As with other Coucals, the White-browed Coucal is non-parasitic. The males construct a nest, they then incubate the eggs and provide most of the feeding and care for the young. As with other Coucals, the White-browed Coucal is non-parasitic. The males construct a nest, they then incubate the eggs and provide most of the feeding and care for the young.
- +====Diet====
It has a wide diet consisting mostly of insects, but it will also take young birds and eggs. While it will feed on the ground it is easily disturbed, returning to cover in a clumsy, awkward fashion. These birds are not elegant fliers! It has a wide diet consisting mostly of insects, but it will also take young birds and eggs. While it will feed on the ground it is easily disturbed, returning to cover in a clumsy, awkward fashion. These birds are not elegant fliers!
-[[Image:12368Burchells_Coucal_rudydbn_IllovoGlen.jpg|thumb|350px|right|''burchellii''<br />Photo by {{user|rudydbn|rudydbn}} <br />Illovo Glen, [[KwaZulu-Natal]], [[South Africa]] ]]+====Vocalisation====
They have a very distinctive song which consists of a series of "gurgling" notes which resemble the sound of water being poured from a bottle and gives them their local Kenyan name of "The Water Bottle Bird". They have a very distinctive song which consists of a series of "gurgling" notes which resemble the sound of water being poured from a bottle and gives them their local Kenyan name of "The Water Bottle Bird".
 +==References==
 +#{{Ref-Clements6thAug11}}
 +{{ref}}
==External Links== ==External Links==
{{GSearch|Centropus+superciliosus}} {{GSearch|Centropus+superciliosus}}
[[Category:Birds]] [[Category:Centropus]] [[Category:Birds]] [[Category:Centropus]]

Current revision

nominate sspPhoto by Steve GMalindi, Kenya, August 2007
nominate ssp
Photo by Steve G
Malindi, Kenya, August 2007
Centropus superciliosus

Includes: Burchell's Coucal

Contents

[edit] Identification

This is a large bird (about 16", 410mm in length) with very striking plumage including its distinctive broad, yellowish-white supercilliary stripe.
burchelli is missing the white superciliary stripe

juvenilePhoto by juninhoMaasai Mara NP, Kenya
juvenile
Photo by juninho
Maasai Mara NP, Kenya

[edit] Distribution

Central, southern and eastern Africa and the Arabian Peninsula.
Western Africa: Gabon, DRC and Angola
Eastern Africa: Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Somalia, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, Zanzibar, Pemba Island, Mafia Island, Zambia, Mozambique and Malawi
Southern Africa: Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Lesotho
Middle East: Arabian Peninsula, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Socotra

[edit] Taxonomy

Centropus superciliosus has four subspecies[1]:

  • C. s. superciliosus:
burchelliiPhoto by rudydbn Illovo Glen, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
burchellii
Photo by rudydbn
Illovo Glen, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
  • C. s. sokotrae:
  • C. s. loandae:
  • C. s. burchellii:

C. burchellii is sometimes accepted as full species, Burchell's Coucal.

[edit] Habitat

Riverine bush and wetlands.

[edit] Behaviour

Puffed up behaviourPhoto by rdavisNear Xigera Camp, central Okavango Delta, Botswana, November 2011
Puffed up behaviour
Photo by rdavis
Near Xigera Camp, central Okavango Delta, Botswana, November 2011

It can be difficult to see due to its habit of skulking in shrubbery, undergrowth and dense waterside vegetation.

[edit] Breeding

As with other Coucals, the White-browed Coucal is non-parasitic. The males construct a nest, they then incubate the eggs and provide most of the feeding and care for the young.

[edit] Diet

It has a wide diet consisting mostly of insects, but it will also take young birds and eggs. While it will feed on the ground it is easily disturbed, returning to cover in a clumsy, awkward fashion. These birds are not elegant fliers!

[edit] Vocalisation

They have a very distinctive song which consists of a series of "gurgling" notes which resemble the sound of water being poured from a bottle and gives them their local Kenyan name of "The Water Bottle Bird".

[edit] References

  1. Clements, JF. 2011. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to August 2011. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019. Spreadsheet available at http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/downloadable-clements-checklist

[edit] External Links

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