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White-winged Scoter

From Opus

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-[[Category:Melanitta]]+[[Image:Velvet_Scoter.jpg|thumb|450px|right|White-winged Scoter (American)<br />Photo by {{user|digitalbirder|digitalbirder}}<br />Location: White Rock, [[British Columbia]], [[Canada]]]]
;[[:Category:Melanitta|Melanitta]] fusca ;[[:Category:Melanitta|Melanitta]] fusca
-[[Image:Velvet_Scoter.jpg|thumb|550px|right|Photo by digitalbirder<br />Location: White Rock, [[British Columbia]], [[Canada]]]]+'''Includes Velvet Scoter'''
-[[Image:Velvet_Scoter2.jpg|thumb|350px|right|Photo by Gwynn<br />Location: [[Austria]]]]+ 
==Identification== ==Identification==
51-58cm. Black, white 'tear drop' just behind the eye, yellow long bill, thick neck and pointed tail. In flight, it shows a white patch on the rear of the wing. 51-58cm. Black, white 'tear drop' just behind the eye, yellow long bill, thick neck and pointed tail. In flight, it shows a white patch on the rear of the wing.
==Distribution== ==Distribution==
-[[Scandinavia]], especially [[Sweden]] and [[Norway]].+Breeds in northern areas around the globe, such as [[Scandinavia]] (especially [[Sweden]] and [[Norway]]), northern [[Asia]], and northern [[North America]].
 + 
 +Migrates in winter to areas that have coastal open water, for example in [[Europe]] will be found from Norway to [[Spain]] and east to the Caspian Sea.
==Taxonomy== ==Taxonomy==
 +[[Image:Velvet_Scoter2.jpg|thumb|450px|right|"Velvet Scoter", Eurasian ''fusca'' <br />Photo by {{user|Gwynn|Gwynn}}<br />Location: [[Austria]]]]
 +Three subspecies are currently recognized:
 +*''deglandi'' occurs in North America and includes ''dixoni'' which is no longer recognized. This subspecies has in the past and is increasingly again recognized as a full species, which would keep the name of White-winged Scoter. Opus follows the developments in the worldwide checklists.
 +*''fusca'' is found in Europe and western Asia, this becomes Velvet Scoter is the split of American birds goes through.
 +*''stejnegeri'' is found in Estern Asia. This form is also sometimes proposed for recognition as a full species, Asian White-winged or Stejneger's Scoter.
 +
==Habitat== ==Habitat==
Lakes, coastal waters, estuaries. Lakes, coastal waters, estuaries.
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<flashmp3>Melanitta fusca (song).mp3</flashmp3><br /> <flashmp3>Melanitta fusca (song).mp3</flashmp3><br />
''[[Media:Melanitta fusca (song).mp3|Listen in an external program]]'' ''[[Media:Melanitta fusca (song).mp3|Listen in an external program]]''
 +==References==
 +# Clements, James F. 2007. ''The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World''. 6th ed., with updates to October 2007. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. ISBN 9780801445019
 +{{ref}}
 +
==External Links== ==External Links==
{{GSearch|Melanitta+fusca}} {{GSearch|Melanitta+fusca}}
-[[Category:Birds]]+[[Category:Birds]] [[Category:Melanitta]]

Revision as of 18:23, 12 September 2009

White-winged Scoter (American)Photo by digitalbirderLocation: White Rock, British Columbia, Canada
White-winged Scoter (American)
Photo by digitalbirder
Location: White Rock, British Columbia, Canada
Melanitta fusca

Includes Velvet Scoter

Contents

Identification

51-58cm. Black, white 'tear drop' just behind the eye, yellow long bill, thick neck and pointed tail. In flight, it shows a white patch on the rear of the wing.

Distribution

Breeds in northern areas around the globe, such as Scandinavia (especially Sweden and Norway), northern Asia, and northern North America.

Migrates in winter to areas that have coastal open water, for example in Europe will be found from Norway to Spain and east to the Caspian Sea.

Taxonomy

"Velvet Scoter", Eurasian fusca Photo by GwynnLocation: Austria
"Velvet Scoter", Eurasian fusca
Photo by Gwynn
Location: Austria

Three subspecies are currently recognized:

  • deglandi occurs in North America and includes dixoni which is no longer recognized. This subspecies has in the past and is increasingly again recognized as a full species, which would keep the name of White-winged Scoter. Opus follows the developments in the worldwide checklists.
  • fusca is found in Europe and western Asia, this becomes Velvet Scoter is the split of American birds goes through.
  • stejnegeri is found in Estern Asia. This form is also sometimes proposed for recognition as a full species, Asian White-winged or Stejneger's Scoter.

Habitat

Lakes, coastal waters, estuaries.

Behaviour

The diet includes shellfish, crabs, sea urchins, fish, insect larvae and plants.

It builds a lined nest on the ground close to the sea, lakes or rivers, in woodland or tundra. 7-9 eggs are laid.

Bird Song


Listen in an external program

References

  1. Clements, James F. 2007. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to October 2007. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. ISBN 9780801445019

External Links

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