- Charadrius wilsonia
16Â·5â€“20 cm (5Â½-7Â¾ in)
- Upper parts mostly dark grey
- Short white wing bar
- White tail sides
- White underparts apart from breast band
- Legs are pink, brighter when breeding
- Bill is dark (larger and heavier than similar-sized plovers)
- Black breast band, lores and forecrown
- Rufous mask
Female and non-breeding male are similar but have brown or rufous backs. Non-breeding birds have a greyer tinge on the head and breast band
Immature birds: similar to the female, however the breast band is not always complete
North, Central and South America
Breeds on both coasts of North America. The range includes much of the eastern coast, and the west coast of Mexico.
A partial migrant. Some birds winter in Florida, the rest move south to Brazil and Peru
There are 4 subspecies1:
- Coastal north-eastern Brazil (AmapÃ¡ to Bahia)
An additional subspecies rufinucha is not recognized by all authorities1
Sandbars and sandy beaches.
They move slowly when feeding. The diet consists mostly of crabs, insects and marine worms.
The nest is a bare scrape
The call is a high weak whistle.
- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2016. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2016, with updates to August 2016. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
- Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved August 2016)
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