Join for FREE
It only takes a minute!
Magnifying the passion for nature. Zeiss Victory Harpia 95. New!

Welcome to BirdForum.
BirdForum is the net's largest birding community, dedicated to wild birds and birding, and is absolutely FREE! You are most welcome to register for an account, which allows you to take part in lively discussions in the forum, post your pictures in the gallery and more.

Reply
 
Thread Tools Rating: Thread Rating: 30 votes, 4.80 average.
Old Sunday 12th July 2009, 22:35   #1
June Atkinson
Registered User
 
June Atkinson's Avatar

 
Join Date: May 2003
Location: Northumberland
Posts: 1,934
Red face Friends of Red Kites - in the North East of England

Friends of Red Kites in the North East of England.
This new Group has been formed, to continue the work begun by the Northern Kites Project, which ends this month.
The Project has left an important legacy and many volunteers felt that the guardianship of the kites should not be abandoned.
We marked the birth of the Group FoRK with a Rolling Launch on Friday 10th July. Go-Northeast gave us a Kite Bus for five hours, and we went first to the Lintzford Garden Centre and then to Gibside where we were given special permission to park the Bus in the car park.
Altogether, we spoke to about 160 people, some of whom elected to become members. It costs 6 for an individual and 8 for a household, regardless of number.
The Membership Secretary is Judy Summerson, 12 Sunnidale, Fellside Park, Whickham, NE16 5TT. We need the talents, energy and interest of those who hold dear the ever-growing kite population. We lost them once before; let's make sure that they survive for the enjoyment and enrichment of the lives of future generations.

Tony Henderson gave us a good write-up in Saturday's Journal.
Image 1- Judy with the Kite Bus, Banner and display. Image 2. Marian and June at the Lintzford Garden Centre.
We are grateful for the support of Go-Northeast, Lintzford Garden Centre and Gibside National Trust. We invite all those who respect the red kite and want to see it thrive to join us!
Attached Thumbnails
Click image for larger version

Name:	Launch_Judy_web-sm.jpg
Views:	266
Size:	270.9 KB
ID:	206804  Click image for larger version

Name:	Launch-Lintzford_BF_web-sm.jpg
Views:	266
Size:	257.9 KB
ID:	206805  

Last edited by June Atkinson : Sunday 12th July 2009 at 22:46. Reason: Additions
June Atkinson is offline  
Reply With Quote

BF Supporter 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Support BirdForum With A Donation

Old Monday 13th July 2009, 09:08   #2
joannec
Registered User
 
joannec's Avatar

 
Join Date: Oct 2005
Location: Sussex, England
Posts: 7,089
Good luck with this latest project June and my your Northern Kites continue to thrive. Good work.
__________________
It is easier to criticize somebody else than to see yourself. G Harrison
joannec is offline  
Reply With Quote

BF Supporter 2007 2009 Support BirdForum With A Donation

Old Monday 13th July 2009, 09:23   #3
June Atkinson
Registered User
 
June Atkinson's Avatar

 
Join Date: May 2003
Location: Northumberland
Posts: 1,934
Red face Friends of Red Kites

Quote:
Originally Posted by joannec View Post
Good luck with this latest project June and my your Northern Kites continue to thrive. Good work.
Thank you Joanne. Your post reminds us that our Kites have found fame throughout the UK, just as in all the other re-introductions.

Indeed we have members from Sussex - a couple on holiday - who were present at one of our Launch spots. A while ago, I took out on Safari a couple from Sussex, too!

If you ever venture northwards for a holiday, please get in touch and we'll take you on Safari too!

June
June Atkinson is offline  
Reply With Quote

BF Supporter 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Support BirdForum With A Donation

Old Monday 13th July 2009, 09:41   #4
joannec
Registered User
 
joannec's Avatar

 
Join Date: Oct 2005
Location: Sussex, England
Posts: 7,089
Quote:
Originally Posted by June Atkinson View Post


If you ever venture northwards for a holiday, please get in touch and we'll take you on Safari too!

June
Will do, thanks.
__________________
It is easier to criticize somebody else than to see yourself. G Harrison
joannec is offline  
Reply With Quote

BF Supporter 2007 2009 Support BirdForum With A Donation

Old Tuesday 14th July 2009, 17:12   #5
June Atkinson
Registered User
 
June Atkinson's Avatar

 
Join Date: May 2003
Location: Northumberland
Posts: 1,934
Red face Launch of FoRK

Here we are at the Launch of our Group "Friends of Red Kites - in the North East of England"

Membership is steadily growing since we launched at Linztford and Gibside, with the support of Go-Northeast.
We have several events planned for the autumn.

We welcome anyone who would like to join us.

This photo is by Patrick Malone

Attached Thumbnails
Click image for larger version

Name:	FoRK-launch-KM_web.jpg
Views:	254
Size:	177.3 KB
ID:	207076  
June Atkinson is offline  
Reply With Quote

BF Supporter 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Support BirdForum With A Donation

Old Tuesday 14th July 2009, 18:27   #6
IanF
Moderator
 
IanF's Avatar

 
Join Date: Aug 2002
Location: Billingham, NE England
Posts: 55,865
It's good to hear the Kites aren't going to be forgotten once the reintroduction project closes. A species I always look out for when in the north and west of the County.

Hopefully they'll continue to thrive and become a more regular sighting and more widespread species
IanF is offline  
Reply With Quote

BF Supporter 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 Support BirdForum With A Donation

Old Saturday 18th July 2009, 00:44   #7
Mouldy
skywatcher, dragonhunter
 
Mouldy's Avatar

 
Join Date: Jul 2005
Location: Rowlands Gill
Posts: 771
Congrats on the official launch June, I’m sure you’ll receive plenty of support locally, the official Northern Kites Project may be coming to an end but the kites themselves are thriving hereabouts, so Keith and the team (and all the volunteers of course) should be applauded for leaving the birds in such a healthy position, and it‘s great that so many people like yourself want to carry the work on in some way.

Having been resident at the heart of the project core area since it began, it’s noticeable that kite numbers and activity around the village are increasing all the time as the birds nest all around us and roost in good numbers at sites close by during autumn and winter, but five years on, I and many others still stop in the street to watch them soar overhead, it‘s something you never tire of or take for granted, a privilege in fact.

I picked up a FoRK leaflet at Thornley the other day so will be enrolling the family very soon, so good luck with it all, and I’ll post anything of interest from a locals viewpoint here on the new thread.

Cheers
Mouldy is offline  
Reply With Quote
Old Wednesday 22nd July 2009, 10:19   #8
June Atkinson
Registered User
 
June Atkinson's Avatar

 
Join Date: May 2003
Location: Northumberland
Posts: 1,934
Red face Tesco Banner unveiling

In Rowlands Gill, at about 9a.m. on Thursday, 30th July, the unveiling of the Tesco Mural, created by Alan Mould for Northern Kites, is taking place.

Afterwards, St. Barnabus Church Hall is being made available for coffee and refreshments.

Members of the Friends of Red Kites will be there to offer information about the newly-launched FoRK group, established to continue the monitoring and conservation of our magnificent kite population.

If you are free and able to join us, that would be splendid!

Last edited by June Atkinson : Wednesday 22nd July 2009 at 10:20. Reason: omission
June Atkinson is offline  
Reply With Quote

BF Supporter 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Support BirdForum With A Donation

Old Thursday 23rd July 2009, 17:51   #9
June Atkinson
Registered User
 
June Atkinson's Avatar

 
Join Date: May 2003
Location: Northumberland
Posts: 1,934
Red face Last chick to be released, C6 flies free

In full view of the media, Northern Kites Staff, Volunteers and members of FoRK, C6 was released on Kitewatch Hill, in the Derwent Country Park.

C6 nearly didn't make it - as a nestling, he fell out of the tree. Indomitable parents Red Philip and Flag, of Viaduct fame, kept feeding their chick. Happily walkers discovered him and after a period of rehab in the pens, C6 had his moment of glory. The sequence of images, taken by David Jones, the Treasurer of FoRK, tells its own story.

FoRK has been established to continue the conservation of these magnificent birds which grace our skies every day. We welcome reports of any sightings throughout the region. Kites have been seen at Druridge Bay, Plessey Woods, Ponteland and Allendale moving westwards in Northumberland, and at Causey Arch in Durham .

On Thursday 30th July, join us for the unveiling of a Banner, created by Alan Mould (Mouldy's Kingdom) at Tesco's in Rowlands Gill, at 9a.m. Coffee and refreshments in the Church Hall just opposite! Come and join in!
Attached Thumbnails
Click image for larger version

Name:	C6_-free-4.jpg
Views:	242
Size:	208.3 KB
ID:	208418  Click image for larger version

Name:	C6-_flying-3.jpg
Views:	210
Size:	223.4 KB
ID:	208419  Click image for larger version

Name:	C6_on-his-way-2.jpg
Views:	220
Size:	210.8 KB
ID:	208420  Click image for larger version

Name:	C6-free-1.jpg
Views:	194
Size:	186.6 KB
ID:	208421  

Last edited by June Atkinson : Thursday 23rd July 2009 at 18:43. Reason: revision
June Atkinson is offline  
Reply With Quote

BF Supporter 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Support BirdForum With A Donation

Old Thursday 23rd July 2009, 19:16   #10
Marmot
Registered User
 
Marmot's Avatar

 
Join Date: Dec 2003
Location: NE England
Posts: 28,342
Saw the bit on LookNorth about little C6, seems a clever little thing for walking down the path still getting fed by the parents and thankfully then the walkers found him...not so clever for falling out in the first place. I didn't know he was Red Philip and Flags little one...those two have turned out to be really fantastic parents.
__________________
Marmot Avatar by Birdforum Member - Pavlik
Marmot is offline  
Reply With Quote

BF Supporter 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 Support BirdForum With A Donation

Old Thursday 23rd July 2009, 19:34   #11
June Atkinson
Registered User
 
June Atkinson's Avatar

 
Join Date: May 2003
Location: Northumberland
Posts: 1,934
Red face Lucky C6

Quote:
Originally Posted by Marmot View Post
Saw the bit on LookNorth about little C6, seems a clever little thing for walking down the path still getting fed by the parents and thankfully then the walkers found him...not so clever for falling out in the first place. I didn't know he was Red Philip and Flags little one...those two have turned out to be really fantastic parents.
Absolutely, Margaret.........they have caught the imagination of everyone who goes along the Derwent Walk. It was fantastic to be there for the release. I was on the telly - well, the back of me was, holding a bright turquoise rucksack!!

Last edited by June Atkinson : Thursday 23rd July 2009 at 19:34. Reason: font
June Atkinson is offline  
Reply With Quote

BF Supporter 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Support BirdForum With A Donation

Old Thursday 30th July 2009, 20:52   #12
June Atkinson
Registered User
 
June Atkinson's Avatar

 
Join Date: May 2003
Location: Northumberland
Posts: 1,934
Red face Red Kite Mural unveiled

The six-panel mural, depicting aspects of the Red Kites Project was unveiled this morning at Tesco's Store in Rowlands Gill.

This beautiful mural is the creation of Alan Mould, who lives in Kite Country. Keith Bowey, Project Leader, Volunteers, local people and the media were there for the unveiling of the plaque entitled "Spirit of the Valley".

Everyone agrees that these majestic birds lift the spirits of everyone who sees them; Alan has captured the essence of this in his mural, which links scenes of the kites in different places along the Derwent Valley.

Attached are some photos of the ceremony, and one of a passing Red Kite Bus, another example of the support shown by local business, Go North east.

It was a happy occasion, followed by refreshments in the Church Hall across the road. One lady remarked on just having witnessed a wonderful dancing display by a pair of kites above her home.

It was a privilege to be there for this final Event in the history of the Northern Kites Project. Alan's mural will be a lasting testimony and a daily reminder of these glorious birds which grace our northern skies.

The Friends of Red Kites now has a membership of 89. Why not join us and ensure that our kites remain a legacy for generations to come!
Attached Thumbnails
Click image for larger version

Name:	Alan-M_mural_web-small.jpg
Views:	194
Size:	182.3 KB
ID:	209737  Click image for larger version

Name:	Alan-Mould_plaque--mural_we.jpg
Views:	191
Size:	202.3 KB
ID:	209738  Click image for larger version

Name:	plaque_mural_web_BF-small.jpg
Views:	195
Size:	202.1 KB
ID:	209739  Click image for larger version

Name:	Tesco-Kite-Mural_Alan-Mould.jpg
Views:	190
Size:	122.4 KB
ID:	209740  Click image for larger version

Name:	Tesco-mural_Kite-bus_websma.jpg
Views:	180
Size:	147.4 KB
ID:	209741  


Last edited by June Atkinson : Friday 31st July 2009 at 07:56.
June Atkinson is offline  
Reply With Quote

BF Supporter 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Support BirdForum With A Donation

Old Thursday 30th July 2009, 21:04   #13
Stewart J.
Registered User
 
Stewart J.'s Avatar

 
Join Date: Dec 2003
Location: Southwest Northumberland UK
Posts: 4,398
Great stuff June well done to all involved.

Stewart
Stewart J. is offline  
Reply With Quote

BF Supporter 2005 2007 2010 Support BirdForum With A Donation

Old Friday 7th August 2009, 08:51   #14
June Atkinson
Registered User
 
June Atkinson's Avatar

 
Join Date: May 2003
Location: Northumberland
Posts: 1,934
Red face Friends of Red Kites growing in number

We are now at 108 members, which is great!

Our Newsletter, being sent out today to every member, has all the recent news and details of forthcoming Events.

Why not come and join us!
info@friendsofredkites.org.uk



Here's Judy at Gibside...............a photo taken by Karen Malone, Friends of Red Kites
Attached Thumbnails
Click image for larger version

Name:	KM_1080BF.jpg
Views:	174
Size:	114.0 KB
ID:	211180  

Last edited by June Atkinson : Friday 7th August 2009 at 08:58.
June Atkinson is offline  
Reply With Quote

BF Supporter 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Support BirdForum With A Donation

Old Sunday 30th August 2009, 21:11   #15
Mouldy
skywatcher, dragonhunter
 
Mouldy's Avatar

 
Join Date: Jul 2005
Location: Rowlands Gill
Posts: 771
Just had first evidence of Autumn roosts gathering pace tonight, nine kites drifted over the village shortly before 8pm, probably from a pre-roost gathering at Sherburn Twrs Farm, heading towards Gibside for the night, (unless they were just going there to see the Voulez Vous concert which was on tonight!)
Mouldy is offline  
Reply With Quote
Old Sunday 30th August 2009, 22:53   #16
June Atkinson
Registered User
 
June Atkinson's Avatar

 
Join Date: May 2003
Location: Northumberland
Posts: 1,934
Red face Red Kites in concert

Quote:
Originally Posted by Mouldy View Post
Just had first evidence of Autumn roosts gathering pace tonight, nine kites drifted over the village shortly before 8pm, probably from a pre-roost gathering at Sherburn Twrs Farm, heading towards Gibside for the night, (unless they were just going there to see the Voulez Vous concert which was on tonight!)
Did you not see the promotional advert, Alan?
"Red Kites take centre stage at Voulez Vous Concert at Gibside" :-)

We were in the Derwent Caravan Park yesterday, with 7 year-old Sophie, who had a great time in the Playground. We saw three kites gliding above, so perhaps they are beginning to be a little more active.
June Atkinson is offline  
Reply With Quote

BF Supporter 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Support BirdForum With A Donation

Old Saturday 5th September 2009, 13:10   #17
kim
Registered User
 
kim's Avatar

 
Join Date: Apr 2003
Location: Cheshire
Posts: 29,683
Congratulations on your project June, I hope it continues to thrive. Will keep an eye out in the future and follow your progress.
kim is offline  
Reply With Quote

BF Supporter 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 Support BirdForum With A Donation

Old Saturday 5th September 2009, 16:29   #18
June Atkinson
Registered User
 
June Atkinson's Avatar

 
Join Date: May 2003
Location: Northumberland
Posts: 1,934
Red face Red Kites for all

Quote:
Originally Posted by kim View Post
Congratulations on your project June, I hope it continues to thrive. Will keep an eye out in the future and follow your progress.
Thanks for your message, Kim. It's early days with our Group, but we're determined to continue the good work achieved in the past five years of Northern Kites Project.

I have sent a personal message to you, Kim. Your website is superb!!
June Atkinson is offline  
Reply With Quote

BF Supporter 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Support BirdForum With A Donation

Old Tuesday 8th September 2009, 17:27   #19
June Atkinson
Registered User
 
June Atkinson's Avatar

 
Join Date: May 2003
Location: Northumberland
Posts: 1,934
Red face Health walks in the company of our Red kites!

Starting this next Monday, 14th September, a series of Walks with a difference.
Different dates, different starting points, earlier start and a chance to meet new friends.
Poster attached gives all the information.
Come along and make yourself known to the rest of the Group!
Everybody welcome!
Attached Thumbnails
Click image for larger version

Name:	Health Walks FoRK 09.jpg
Views:	183
Size:	112.0 KB
ID:	217257  
June Atkinson is offline  
Reply With Quote

BF Supporter 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Support BirdForum With A Donation

Old Tuesday 8th September 2009, 17:45   #20
June Atkinson
Registered User
 
June Atkinson's Avatar

 
Join Date: May 2003
Location: Northumberland
Posts: 1,934
Red face Red Kite Roost Watch

This is an Event primarily for Members of Friends of Red Kites, but it is also an opportunity for you to come along and join us.
It costs 6 annually for an individual and 8 for a household, regardless of number.
The Membership Secretary is Judy Summerson, 12 Sunnidale, Fellside Park, Whickham, NE16 5TT. We need the talents, energy and interest of those who hold dear the ever-growing kite population. We lost them once before; let's make sure that they survive for the enjoyment and enrichment of the lives of future generations.

ROOST WATCH Monday, 14th September between 5.30pm and dusk - come along to the Bus Stop at the top of Sherburn Towers Estate, Rowlands Gill, to see the beginnings of the Winter Roost.
Recently, our kites have begun to congregate in this area, just as they have done each Autumn since they were first introduced in 2004.

Members of Friends of Red Kites will be there with equipment to help you enjoy this spectacle, and answer any questions you might want to pose.

Come along and join in. Wrap up warmly, and if you have binoculars, please bring them.

Everyone is welcome!


Image of Info Board (Alan Mould's work) and Concrete Kite - at Sherburn Towers Bus Stop

Image of kite flying - courtesy of MickR (Thank you, Mick!)
Attached Thumbnails
Click image for larger version

Name:	Bus-stop-_Sher-towers-webBF.jpg
Views:	187
Size:	86.2 KB
ID:	217260  Click image for larger version

Name:	R-Kite_MickR_BF.jpg
Views:	171
Size:	182.4 KB
ID:	217262  

Last edited by June Atkinson : Wednesday 9th September 2009 at 08:13. Reason: Additional information
June Atkinson is offline  
Reply With Quote

BF Supporter 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Support BirdForum With A Donation

Old Saturday 26th September 2009, 23:29   #21
June Atkinson
Registered User
 
June Atkinson's Avatar

 
Join Date: May 2003
Location: Northumberland
Posts: 1,934
Red face Health Walk

Why not come and join the Friends of Red Kites on Monday next, 28th September.
All the details are on the Poster in a recent message. It's an opportunity to meet new people, and hopefully, see some kites. Yes, they are about; a dozen have been seen flying in the lower Derwent Valley.
June Atkinson is offline  
Reply With Quote

BF Supporter 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Support BirdForum With A Donation

Old Tuesday 29th September 2009, 15:16   #22
June Atkinson
Registered User
 
June Atkinson's Avatar

 
Join Date: May 2003
Location: Northumberland
Posts: 1,934
Red face Roost Watch Monday 28 September 09

Half a dozen Friends of Red Kites gathered again at the Bus Stop, at Sherburn Towers at about 4pm.
Two kites were already there, roosting in the farm copse opposite; gradually more came drifting in from all directions! Eight were roosting as Leonard and I left, so more may have arrived after that.
They seem to like the copse as a pre-roost, before going either to Sherburn Wood or towards Gibside for the night.
Images show them flying over the fields and nearing the copse. One kite approaching me is showing a number of specific details:
the transmitter on the nape of the neck;
the tail twisting and acting as a rudder;
the lovely "fingers" at the ends of the wings.
Just wish I had had a better zoom! Maybe we can persuade someone to come and have a go! At times, the kites are right above your head!
Attached Thumbnails
Click image for larger version

Name:	Kite-Sher-Towers-web-x.jpg
Views:	210
Size:	229.2 KB
ID:	221145  Click image for larger version

Name:	Roost-28.09.09-x-web.jpg
Views:	181
Size:	254.3 KB
ID:	221146  
June Atkinson is offline  
Reply With Quote

BF Supporter 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Support BirdForum With A Donation

Old Tuesday 29th September 2009, 19:59   #23
Mickr
Registered User

 
Join Date: Aug 2005
Location: Home
Posts: 380
Quote:
Originally Posted by June Atkinson View Post
Half a dozen Friends of Red Kites gathered again at the Bus Stop, at Sherburn Towers at about 4pm.
Two kites were already there, roosting in the farm copse opposite; gradually more came drifting in from all directions! Eight were roosting as Leonard and I left, so more may have arrived after that.
They seem to like the copse as a pre-roost, before going either to Sherburn Wood or towards Gibside for the night.
Images show them flying over the fields and nearing the copse. One kite approaching me is showing a number of specific details:
the transmitter on the nape of the neck;
the tail twisting and acting as a rudder;
the lovely "fingers" at the ends of the wings.
Just wish I had had a better zoom! Maybe we can persuade someone to come and have a go! At times, the kites are right above your head!
I might be tempted when I have some free time.
Mickr is offline  
Reply With Quote
Old Tuesday 29th September 2009, 20:04   #24
June Atkinson
Registered User
 
June Atkinson's Avatar

 
Join Date: May 2003
Location: Northumberland
Posts: 1,934
Red face The Kites are beckoning Mick!

Quote:
Originally Posted by Mickr View Post
I might be tempted when I have some free time.

Yes, please do. Being i/c the Newsletter for FoRK, I'm always on the look-out for superb images!
Seriously, it should be getting more interesting as the autumn progresses and the kites develop their winter roost patterns.
June Atkinson is offline  
Reply With Quote

BF Supporter 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Support BirdForum With A Donation

Old Tuesday 29th September 2009, 20:11   #25
Mickr
Registered User

 
Join Date: Aug 2005
Location: Home
Posts: 380
Quote:
Originally Posted by June Atkinson View Post

Yes, please do. Being i/c the Newsletter for FoRK, I'm always on the look-out for superb images!
Seriously, it should be getting more interesting as the autumn progresses and the kites develop their winter roost patterns.
I'll probably try to get to Rowlands Gill over the weekend if possible as I haven't been for months.
Mickr is offline  
Reply With Quote
Advertisement
Reply


Thread Tools
Rate This Thread
Rate This Thread:

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

vB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is Off
HTML code is Off

Similar Threads
Thread Thread Starter Forum Replies Last Post
Red Kites in the East Midlands Carless Leicestershire 8 Friday 1st June 2012 18:46
Red Kites in North East England rayl Birds Of Prey 19 Sunday 7th November 2004 22:42
Red Kites May Soar Again In North East Skies: Plans Unveiled to Bring Rare Birds Back Chris Monk Birds Of Prey 31 Saturday 20th December 2003 23:31



Fatbirder's Top 1000 Birding Websites

Help support BirdForum

Page generated in 0.24939489 seconds with 35 queries
All times are GMT. The time now is 02:35.