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Adelie Penguin - BirdForum Opus

Photo by derekh42
West Ice Shelf, Antarctica, November 2003
Pygoscelis adeliae


46 to 75 cm

  • White belly
  • Black head and back
  • White eye ring
  • Red bill, mostly covered by long white feathers
  • The tail is a little longer than other penguins


Circumpolar Antarctic seas to edge of ice pack.


This is a monotypic species[1].


Sea ice but needs the ice-free land to breed.



The diet includes krill, fish and squid.


Their nests consist of stones piled together. 2 greenish white eggs are laid and are incubated by both parents in turn for 35 days.
The female returns to the sea first, often leaving the male to stand alone for up to ten days while she feeds.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, B.L. Sullivan, C. L. Wood, and D. Roberson. 2012. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to October 2012. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019. Spreadsheet available at http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/downloadable-clements-checklist
  2. Penguins around the World

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