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African Blue Flycatcher - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by Steve G
Kakamega, Kenya, July, 2011

Alternative name: Blue Crested Flycatcher[1]

Elminia longicauda


Adult of race teresita
Photo © by MURAMURA
Mbarara, Katojo, western Uganda
December 2006

15–18 cm (6-7 in)

  • Cobalt blue upperparts and throat
  • Lighter below
  • Long tail

Females and immatures

  • Grey
  • Narrow band of blue on edges of wing and tail-feathers.


Equatorial Africa
Western Africa: Senegambia, Senegal, The Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Mali, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Niger, Chad, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Congo, Angola
Eastern Africa: South Sudan, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, Malawi


Sometimes considered a superspecies with the White-tailed Blue-Flycatcher, E. albicauda.

  1. The alternative name Blue Crested Flycatcher may lead to confusion with Blue-crested Flycatcher, Myiagra azureocapilla.


Photo © by volker sthamer
Queen Elizabeth National Park, Uganda, January 2019

This is a polytypic species[1] consisting of two subspecies[1]:

  • E. l. longicauda:
  • E. l. teresita:


Open secondary forest, mangrove, swampy or riverine forests, and wooded savannas, cleared and abandoned fruit and cocoa plantations.



The diet consists almost entirely of insects such as bees, ants, flies, termites and beetles, which can be hawked or gleaned.


They construct a compact, cup-shaped nest. The clutch contains 1-2 white eggs which are incubated by the female. Both parents feed the young, with assistance from non-breeding adults or immatures in the group.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Answers.com
  4. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved March 2019)

Recommended Citation

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