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African Crake - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by binus1963
Kotu Creek, Gambia, 2014
Crex egregia

Crecopsis egregia


20–23 cm (8-9 in)

  • Black head
  • Brown eye
  • Grey bill
  • White throat
  • Black and white back
  • Black and white bars from flanks to undertail coverts
  • Grey legs


Found in sub-Saharan Africa
Western Africa: The Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Mali, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Chad, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Congo, Angola
Eastern Africa: Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, Zambia, Mozambique, Malawi
Southern Africa: Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, eSwatini

Rare vagrant to the western Palearctic: a handful of records for the Canary Islands.



Near water and under cover of waterside vegetation or marshland.



The diet includes snails, worms, insects and their larvae, small frogs as well as some seeds, grass, green shoots and leaves.


Monogamous. Their nest is a shallow cup constructed from blades of grass; it is concealed under a grassy tussock or small bush in scrape or depression on dry to moist ground. The clutch consists of 3-9 eggs which are incubated for around 14-24 days; both adults sharing the incubation duty.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Taylor, B. (2020). African Crake (Crex egregia), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, J. Sargatal, D. A. Christie, and E. de Juana, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.afrcra1.01

Recommended Citation

External Links

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GSearch checked for 2020 platform.