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African Olive Pigeon

From Opus

Photo by Mybs near Cape Town, South Africa, July 2004
Photo by Mybs
near Cape Town, South Africa, July 2004

Alternative name: Rameron Pigeon

Columba arquatrix

Contents

[edit] Identification

38–41 cm (15-16¼ in)
Male

  • Maroon back and wings
  • Shoulders heavily speckled with white spots
  • Maroon underparts with heavy white spotting
  • Grey head,
  • Yellow patches around the eye
  • Yellow bill
  • Neck plumage (used in display) streaked maroon and white
  • Dark grey underwing and undertail
  • Yellow feet

Female: very similar but somewhat duller
Juvenile: dark brown plumage (instead of maroon and grey). Bare parts are dull greeny-yellow, and the wing feathers have pale fringes.

[edit] Distribution

Africa, Arabia
Western Africa: Guinea, Nigeria, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Democratic Republic of Congo, Angola
Eastern Africa: Sudan, Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, Zambia, Mozambique, Malawi
Southern Africa: Zimbabwe, South Africa, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Swaziland
African Islands: Gulf of Guinea Islands, Bioko (Fernando Po), Sao Tome, Principe
Arabia: Arabian Peninsula, Saudi Arabia, Yemen

[edit] Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species[1].

[edit] Habitat

Mountain shrubland, second growth and clearings, and in tall trees close to cultivated land.

[edit] Behaviour

Occurs in groups (occasionally in sizeable flocks)

[edit] Breeding

They construct a large stick nest. They lay a single white egg which is incubated for 17-20 days; the young fledge in another 20 days.

[edit] Diet

The diet consists of fruit (particularly olives), seeds and berries, with the addition of insects, their larvae and caterpillars.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved May 2018)
  4. Wikipedia

[edit] External Links


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