Alternative name: Rameron Pigeon
- Columba arquatrix
38â€“41 cm (15-16Â¼ in)
- Maroon back and wings
- Shoulders heavily speckled with white spots
- Maroon underparts with heavy white spotting
- Grey head,
- Yellow patches around the eye
- Yellow bill
- Neck plumage (used in display) streaked maroon and white
- Dark grey underwing and undertail
- Yellow feet
Female: very similar but somewhat duller
Juvenile: dark brown plumage (instead of maroon and grey). Bare parts are dull greeny-yellow, and the wing feathers have pale fringes.
Western Africa: Guinea, Nigeria, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Democratic Republic of Congo, Angola
Eastern Africa: Sudan, Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, Zambia, Mozambique, Malawi
Southern Africa: Zimbabwe, South Africa, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Swaziland
African Islands: Gulf of Guinea Islands, Bioko (Fernando Po), Sao Tome, Principe
Arabia: Arabian Peninsula, Saudi Arabia, Yemen
This is a monotypic species.
Mountain shrubland, second growth and clearings, and in tall trees close to cultivated land.
Occurs in groups (occasionally in sizeable flocks)
They construct a large stick nest. They lay a single white egg which is incubated for 17-20 days; the young fledge in another 20 days.
The diet consists of fruit (particularly olives), seeds and berries, with the addition of insects, their larvae and caterpillars.
- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
- Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved May 2018)
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