- Terpsiphone viridis
18 cm (7 in) with 10-18 cm (4-7 in) long tail streamers.
Male - black head, neck and underparts, chestnut wings and tail, white wingbar.
Female - browner tint to the underparts, no wingbar and no tail streamers.
Young birds are similar to the female but duller.
The male African Paradise Flycatcher comes in two distinct forms a rufous morph and a white morph. They may even change colour from rufous to white and can sometimes be seen part way through the change with a mixture of white and rufous feathers. The dark head and blue eye are common to both forms. The female always retains the rufous colouring.
Widespread throughout Africa (south of the Sahara Desert) and the Middle East
Western Africa: Mauritania, Senegambia, Senegal, The Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Mali, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Niger, Chad, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Congo, Angola
Eastern Africa: South Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Somalia, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, Zanzibar, Zambia, Mozambique, Malawi
Southern Africa: Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Swaziland
Middle East: Arabian Peninsula, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Oman
There are 10 subspecies.
- T. v. viridis:
- T. v. speciosa:
- T. v. ferreti:
- T. v. restricta:
- T. v. kivuensis:
- T. v. suahelica:
- T. v. ungujaensis:
- T. v. plumbeiceps:
- T. v. granti:
- T. v. harterti:
- Southern Arabian peninsula
Evergreen, coastal and riverine forests.
The clutch consists of 2-3 eggs which are laid in a tiny cup nest in a tree.
The diet consists of insects, including eggs and larvae, spiders; they also eat some small berries.
Click on photo for larger image
- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
- Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved October 2016)
- BirdForum Opus contributors. (2021) African Paradise-Flycatcher. In: BirdForum, the forum for wild birds and birding. Retrieved 18 June 2021 from https://www.birdforum.net/wiki/African_Paradise-Flycatcher