- Rupicola peruvianus
30·5–32 cm (12-12½ in). A medium-sized passerine
- Scarlet or orange plumage
- Black wings and tail
- Bushy fan-shaped crest on the forehead lends an unusual shape to the head, and makes identification even easier (although the coloration is usually enough).
The female is browner and darker with a shorter crest.
Color of the non-black plumage and of eyes differ among subspecies.
Four subspecies are recognized,
- R.p. sanguinolentus:
- R.p. aequatorialis:
- R.p. peruvianus:
- Andes of central Peru (San Martín to Junín)
- R.p. saturatus;
- Andes of south-eastern Peru (Cusco and Puno) and western Bolivia
Rupicola peruvianus has in the past been called Rupicola peruviana.
Gorges and ravines in cloud forest on both slopes of the Andes. Roadside, disturbed secondary rain forest 1,219 m
The diet consists of a variety of fruits, large insects and small invertebrates.
This is the national bird of Peru.
Click on photo for larger image
- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
- Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved March 2017)
- BF Member observations
- BirdForum Opus contributors. (2023) Andean Cock-of-the-rock. In: BirdForum, the forum for wild birds and birding. Retrieved 2 December 2023 from https://www.birdforum.net/opus/Andean_Cock-of-the-rock
GSearch checked for 2020 platform.