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Andean Cock-of-the-rock

From Opus

Adult male Photo by juninhoManu National Park, Peru, 10/05
Adult male
Photo by juninho
Manu National Park, Peru, 10/05
Rupicola peruvianus


[edit] Identification

30·5–32 cm (12-12½ in). A medium-sized passerine

  • Scarlet or orange plumage
  • Black wings and tail
  • Bushy fan-shaped crest on the forehead lends an unusual shape to the head, and makes identification even easier (although the coloration is usually enough).

The female is browner and darker with a shorter crest.

[edit] Variations

Female, subspecies aequatorialisPhoto by Stanley JonesAguas Verdes, San Martín, Peru, January 2017
Female, subspecies aequatorialis
Photo by Stanley Jones
Aguas Verdes, San Martín, Peru, January 2017

Color of the non-black plumage and of eyes differ among subspecies.

[edit] Distribution

South America: found in Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia

[edit] Taxonomy

A member of the cotinga family and one of the two species in the genus Rupicola

[edit] Subspecies

Photo by jeffwormanRefugio Paz de las Aves, near Mindo, Ecuador, January 2017
Photo by jeffworman
Refugio Paz de las Aves, near Mindo, Ecuador, January 2017

Four subspecies are recognized,[1]

  • R.p. sanguinolentus:
  • R.p. aequatorialis:
  • R.p. peruvianus:
  • Andes of central Peru (San Martín to Junín)
  • R.p. saturatus;
  • Andes of south-eastern Peru (Cusco and Puno) and western Bolivia

Rupicola peruvianus has in the past been called Rupicola peruviana.

[edit] Habitat

Gorges and ravines in cloud forest on both slopes of the Andes. Roadside, disturbed secondary rain forest 1,219 m

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

The diet consists of a variety of fruits, large insects and small invertebrates.

[edit] Breeding

Males are polygamous and display in communal leks. The females build shallow nests with mud and plant material on the walls of rocks, hence the common name.

[edit] In Culture

This is the national bird of Peru.

[edit] Gallery

Click on photo for larger image

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved March 2017)
  3. BF Member observations
  4. Wikipedia

[edit] External Links


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