Alternative name: Oriental Pipit
- Anthus rufulus
15–16 cm (5¾-6 in)
- Long creamy-buff supercilium
- Upperparts streaked greyish-brown
- Pale underparts with breast streaking
- Long legs andd tail and a long dark bill
- Sexes are similar
- Juveniles have warmer brown upperparts.
Compared with Richard's pipit, Paddyfield:
- Seems more lanky, is less robust
- Seems to have longer legs, these tending towards yellow
- Holds its head straighter, with its beak less raised
- Has a less uniform, more streaked mantle
- Has a more heavily streaked cap
- Has a wider and more visible eyebrow, so less clear apparent "glasses"
- Has a less clear malar stripe
- Has slightly different median coverts
- Is more rufous underneath
Asia: found in Mongolia, China, Nepal, Pakistan, India, Eastern and Western Himalayas, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Japan
Southeast Asia: Indochina, Myanmar, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand, Malaysia, Malay Peninsula, Brunei, Singapore, Philippines, Borneo, Indonesia, Greater Sundas, Sumatra, Java, Sulawesi, Lesser Sundas, Bali, Timor
Around six subspecies recognized
- A. r. waitei:
- North-western Indian subcontinent
- A. r. rufulus:
- A. r. malayensis:
- A. r. lugubris:
- A. r. albidus:
- A. r. medius:
- Eastern Lesser Sundas (Sawu, Timor, Rote, Kisar, Leti, Moa, Sermata)
Open country, grasslands, ricefields, scrub and parks up to 1500m.
A resident species.
A ground-nester. The cup-shaped nest is woven from grass and leaves, lined with fine grass, roots and maybe dry moss. The clutch contains 3-4 greenish eggs with smalls brown spots at the larger end..
There are usually at least two broods, maybe three, each year.
Their main diet consists of insects and their larvae, such as weevils, ants and termites.
Nazafgarh Wetlands, Dist. Gurgaon Haryana, India, Dec-2016
- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
- Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved October 2015)
- The Beauty of Birds
- BF Member observations
- Here is a thread discussing the identification of Paddyfield Pipit. []
- BirdForum Opus contributors. (2023) Paddyfield Pipit. In: BirdForum, the forum for wild birds and birding. Retrieved 2 December 2023 from https://www.birdforum.net/opus/Paddyfield_Pipit
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