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Paddyfield Pipit - BirdForum Opus

(Redirected from Anthus rufulus)
Subspecies A. r. malayensis
Photo © by Jasnjohn
Putrajaya, Malaysia, March 2006

Alternative name: Oriental Pipit

Anthus rufulus


Subspecies A. r. rufulus - Juvenile
Photo © by Shantilal Varu
Bhavnagar, Gujarat, India, August 2016

15–16 cm (5¾-6 in)

  • Long creamy-buff supercilium
  • Upperparts streaked greyish-brown
  • Pale underparts with breast streaking
  • Long legs andd tail and a long dark bill
  • Sexes are similar
  • Juveniles have warmer brown upperparts.

Confusion species

Compared with Richard's pipit, Paddyfield:

  • Seems more lanky, is less robust
  • Seems to have longer legs, these tending towards yellow
  • Holds its head straighter, with its beak less raised
  • Has a less uniform, more streaked mantle
  • Has a more heavily streaked cap
  • Has a wider and more visible eyebrow, so less clear apparent "glasses"
  • Has a less clear malar stripe
  • Has slightly different median coverts
  • Is more rufous underneath


Asia: found in Mongolia, China, Nepal, Pakistan, India, Eastern and Western Himalayas, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Japan
Southeast Asia: Indochina, Myanmar, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand, Malaysia, Malay Peninsula, Brunei, Singapore, Philippines, Borneo, Indonesia, Greater Sundas, Sumatra, Java, Sulawesi, Lesser Sundas, Bali, Timor


Subspecies A. r. rufulus
Photo © by S K Gudi
Hubli, India, January 2017

This species was formerly a part of a much larger species called Anthus novaseelandiae which was split in African Pipit, Mountain Pipit, Paddyfield Pipit, Richard's Pipit and Australasian Pipit.


Subspecies A. r. waitei
Photo © by Alok Tewari
Sultanpur National Park, Gurgaon, Haryana, India, August-2016

Around six subspecies recognized[1]

  • A. r. waitei:
  • North-western Indian subcontinent
  • A. r. rufulus:
  • A. r. malayensis:
  • A. r. lugubris:
  • A. r. albidus:
  • A. r. medius:
  • Eastern Lesser Sundas (Sawu, Timor, Rote, Kisar, Leti, Moa, Sermata)


Open country, grasslands, ricefields, scrub and parks up to 1500m.



A resident species.


Subspecies malayensis
Photo © by mastok noeryanto
Langkawi, Malaysia

A ground-nester. The cup-shaped nest is woven from grass and leaves, lined with fine grass, roots and maybe dry moss. The clutch contains 3-4 greenish eggs with smalls brown spots at the larger end..

There are usually at least two broods, maybe three, each year.


Their main diet consists of insects and their larvae, such as weevils, ants and termites.


Recording by Alok Tewari
Sultanpur village, Dist. Gurgaon Haryana, India, Aug-2016
Cummunating call given by one individual at Sunset-time;
and another brief call by an individual as it flew off.

Nazafgarh Wetlands, Dist. Gurgaon Haryana, India, Dec-2016


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved October 2015)
  4. The Beauty of Birds
  5. BF Member observations
  6. Here is a thread discussing the identification of Paddyfield Pipit. [[1]]

Recommended Citation

External Links

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