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Antillean Euphonia

From Opus

Male of subspecies sclateriPhoto by raulqcMaricao, Puerto Rico, December 2007
Male of subspecies sclateri
Photo by raulqc
Maricao, Puerto Rico, December 2007
Euphonia musica


[edit] Identification

The female is more or less identical in the three subspecies, mostly greenish with lighter underside and bluish crown and hindneck and a small yellow spot above the bill.

The male in the Lesser Antillean race is more or less identical to the female (this observer have seen both sexes in the Lesser Antilles as more yellowish on the underside than described in the field guide, but do not have the photos to show that). Male of the Puerto Rico form is mostly dark above, with sky-blue crown and rear neck, and rich yellow on the rump, above the bill, and on the underside.

Subspecies flavifrons, sex unknown; females of other subspecies are similar to thisPhoto by njlarsenSyndicate, Dominica, November 2011
Subspecies flavifrons, sex unknown; females of other subspecies are similar to this
Photo by njlarsen
Syndicate, Dominica, November 2011

Male of the Hispaniolan form is similar to the Puerto Rican form, but the yellow is replaced with a more orange color, and the throat is dark. The combination of color and shape is rather unique within the range.

[edit] Distribution

This species is divided into three subspecies: nominate form is found in Hispaniola and GonĂ¢ve Island, sclateri in Puerto Rico, while flavifrons is known from Barbuda, Antigua, Guadeloupe, La Desirade, Dominica, Martinique, St. Lucia, St. Vincent, and Grenada in the Lesser Antilles. Antillean Euphonia is additionally known as a vagrant from other islands in the Lesser Antilles; it is believed to be extirpated from Saba.

[edit] Taxonomy

Antillean Euphonia, Elegant Euphonia Euphonia elegantissima, and Golden-rumped Euphonia Euphonia cyanocephala have previously been considered parts of the same species Euphonia musica.

[edit] Subspecies

Three subspecies are recognized[1]:

  • E. m. musica:
  • E. m. sclateri:
  • E. m. flavifrons:

Rumors among Caribbean birdwatchers claim that the data have been obtained but not published (yet) to split the Lesser Antillean form from the Greater Antillean form.

[edit] Habitat

Forested areas both drier and wet and in various elevations.

[edit] Behaviour

Feeds mainly on mistletoe berries.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, JF. 2011. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to August 2011. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019. Spreadsheet available at
  2. Raffaele et al. 1998. Birds of the West Indies. Christopher Helm, London. ISBN 0713649054
  3. BF member personal observations

[edit] External Links


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