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Brown-winged Starling

From Opus

(Redirected from Aplonis grandis macrura)
Subspecies A. g. macruraPhoto © by Joseph Morlan Mount Austen, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, 19 September 2019
Subspecies A. g. macrura
Photo © by Joseph Morlan
Mount Austen, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, 19 September 2019

Alternative name: Large Glossy Starling

Aplonis grandis

Contents

[edit] Identification

Nominate subspeciesPhoto © by djringer Buka Island, Autonomous Region of Bougainville, Papua New Guinea, 22 September 2006
Nominate subspecies
Photo © by djringer
Buka Island, Autonomous Region of Bougainville, Papua New Guinea, 22 September 2006

27cm (10½ in.). A large Starling with a medium-length tail

  • Brown primaries and secondaries, paler when worn (forming wing patch in flight)
  • Gray throat hackles.
  • Mostly black plumage, iridescent purple on head, throat and upper breast, glossy green on mantle, oily green on breast and bluish-purple on rest of underparts
  • Red eye (sometimes red-brown or brown)
  • Black legs and bill

[edit] Variations

A. g. macrura has a longer tail and shorter throat hackles; A. g. malaitae has more green gloss and a whitish eye Sexes similar. Juveniles are duller than adults with duller brown primaries.

[edit] Distribution

Found on Bougainville (Papua New Guinea) and the Solomon Islands. Common in most of its range.

[edit] Taxonomy

May form a superspecies with San Cristobal Starling.

[edit] Subspecies

There are 3 subspecies[1]:

  • A. g. grandis:
  • Solomon Islands (Bougainville, Choiseul, Santa Isabel, New Georgia Group and Florida Islands)
  • A. g. macrura:
  • Guadalcanal (Solomon Islands)
  • A. g. malaita:
  • Malaita (Solomon Islands)

[edit] Habitat

Moist lowland forest, secondary growth, cleared areas, villages with tall trees. Generally below 750m but on Guadalcanal up to 1200m.

[edit] Behaviour

Usually seen singly or in pairs, sometimes in small flocks. Forages high in tall trees.

[edit] Diet

Feeds on fruit, takes also some insects.

[edit] Breeding

Breeding from May to September on Bougainville. A solitary nester, presumably monogamous. The nest is a bulky mass made of twigs, dry leaves, moss and grass. It has a side entrance and is placed in a tree fork or in a cavity at the end of a broken branch. Lays 2 - 3 eggs.

[edit] Movements

A resident species.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliott, and D Christie, eds. 2009. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 14: Bush-shrikes to Old World Sparrows. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8496553507
  3. BirdForum Member observations
  4. Craig, A. & Feare, C. (2019). Brown-winged Starling (Aplonis grandis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/60838 on 1 December 2019).
  5. Dutson, G. (2011) Birds of Melanesia, Christopher Helm, London.
  6. Gregory, P. (2017) Birds of New Guinea, Including Bismarck Archipelago and Boughainville. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

[edit] External Links

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