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Black-headed Heron - BirdForum Opus

(Redirected from Ardea melanocephala)
Photo by Mybs
Cape Town, South Africa, September 2004
Ardea melanocephala

Identification

L. 84-92 cm

  • Dark bill
  • Black legs and feet
  • Black neck

Similar Species

Similar in size and general appearance to the Grey Heron, which has a yellowish-orange bill and pinkish legs.

Flight

Juvenile
Photo by Ralph Timmermann
Leeuwdril Waterhole, Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park, Botswana, November 2011

The underwings of the Grey Heron are entirely grey whereas those of the Black-headed Heron have a thick black trailing edge.

Distribution

Africa. Widespread and common from Senegal east to Somalia and south to South Africa. Largely resident but migratory in parts of range, probably in response to rains.

Vagrancy is rare but there are old and unsubstantiated reports from Algeria, Spain, France and Italy. In November 1971 one was reported from the Camargue in southern France but this too, is unconfirmed. More recently an immature was recorded in October-December 1987 in the Eilat-Aqaba area. Also reported in southern Egypt.

Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species[1].

Habitat

Grasslands and fallow fields. Often seen in rank vegetation near lakes and marshes but, unlike the Grey Heron, seldom seen at water.

Behaviour

Photo by rudydbn
Illovo Beach, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, October 2005

Breeding

A wet-season, colonial-breeder. The bulky stick nests are in trees, reedbeds or cliffs. The normal clutch size is 2-4 eggs.

Diet

Fish, frogs, large insects, small mammals and birds.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Wikipedia

Recommended Citation

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