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Eastern Grass Owl - BirdForum Opus

(Redirected from Australian Grass Owl)

Alternative names: Australasian Grass-Owl; Australian Grass-Owl

Photo by Romy Ocon
Candaba Swamp, Pampanga, Philippines, August 2005
Tyto longimembris

Identification

Nominate subspecies
Photo by Hans&Judy Beste
Julatten, Nth. Queensland, Australia

Male: 32-36cm (12½-14¼ in); Female: 35-38cm (13¾-15 in)

  • above dark brown, pale spots
  • below cream or buff with brown spots
  • wing bars buff
  • facial disc white
  • mark in front of each eye brown
  • iris brown
  • bill pale brown
  • legs very long, feathered
  • feet grey

Distribution

India to southeast Asia, Philippines, and Australia.

Taxonomy

Until recently, the Eastern Grass Owl was considered to be conspecific with African Grass Owl as "Grass Owl". Reference [4] notes that the morphological and genetic differences between these species are minor.

Subspecies

Clements recognises the following subspecies [1]:

Habitat

Grasslands, canefields and paddy Fields.

Behaviour

Nocturnal.

Diet

Their diet consists almost entirely of rodents.

Breeding

They are ground-nesters, building the platform nest from grass in dense tussocks of grass or sedges. The 3-8 dull white eggs are incubated for about 42 days. The young fledge at about 2 months.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, J. A. Gerbracht, D. Lepage, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2021. The eBird/Clements checklist of Birds of the World: v2021. Downloaded from https://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Owlpages
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved Nov 2017)
  4. Eaton, JA, B van Balen, NW Brickle, FE Rheindt 2021. Birds of the Indonesian Archipelago (Greater Sundas and Wallacea), Second Edition. Lynx Editions. ISBN978-84-16728-44-2

Recommended Citation

External Links

GSearch checked for 2020 platform.1

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