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Australian Pelican

From Opus

Bird shown is in breeding plumagePhoto © by Neil Fifer Near Sydney, Australia
Bird shown is in breeding plumage
Photo © by Neil Fifer
Near Sydney, Australia
Pelecanus conspicillatus


[edit] Identification

Length 160-180 cm, wingspan 230-260 cm, and weight 4-6.8 kg.
Mainly white, with black tail, primaries, secondaries and inner secondary coverts; also a narrow black wingbar on underside of wing. Very large pale, pinkish bill; dark eye with pale yellow or white eye ring.

[edit] Distribution

Australia and Tasmania; winters to New Guinea region

[edit] Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species[1].

An extinct subspecies P. c. novaezealandiae has been described from subfossils in New Zealand[2].

[edit] Habitat

Photo © by fthsmOlympic Park, Sydney, Australia, December 2008
Photo © by fthsm
Olympic Park, Sydney, Australia, December 2008

Marine and freshwater environments, lakes and rivers.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Breeding

They nest communally. The nest is a shallow depression in earth or sand, sometimes with some grass lining. Up to three chalky white eggs are laid.

[edit] Diet

The diet includes fish.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2014. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.9., with updates to August 2014. Downloaded from
  2. Scarlett, R. J. (1966). A Pelican in New Zealand. Notornis 13: 204-217.
  3. Wikipedia
  4. BF Member observations

[edit] Recommended Citation

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